In particular, 2 emerging pathogenic fungi--the chytridiomycete
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which causes chytridiomycosis in amphibians (4,5), and the ascomycete Geomyces destructans, which causes white-nose syndrome (WNS) in hibernating bats (6)--are implicated in the widespread decline of their vertebrate hosts.
frontalis), a genus of obligate anaerobic rumen chytridiomycete
fungi in the family Neocallimastigaceae, was first isolated and well-characterized by Orpin (1975).
One of the major reasons for these declines is chytridiomycosis, caused by the chytridiomycete
fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (1,2).
A cutaneous infection by a chytridiomycete
fungus observed in two frogs could have been a cofactor in the die-off.
Nutritional and germination requirements of the rumen chytridiomycete
Molecular evolution of the fungi: relationship of the Basidiomycetes, Ascomycetes, and Chytridiomycetes
Fungal classes that were dominant included Eurotiomycetes, Chytridiomycetes
Anaerobic saprophyte fungi, in the main zoosporic fungi, belong to the division Eumycotina, subdivision Mastigomycina and class Chytridiomycetes
(Orpin & Joblin, 1997).
The last reviews on fungal diversity in a variety of peatlands in Europe, North and South America (Thormann, 2006; Thormann & Rice, 2007) report 601 species of fungi identified globally, being Ascomycetes the largest group with 276 species (46%), followed by Basidiomycetes (243 species, 40%), Zygomycetes (55 species, 9%), and Chytridiomycetes
(26 species, 4%).
If The ORF is not predicted to have a [beta]-strand length [less than or equal to] 3 and a homologous protein from class Chytridiomycetes
was found Then its functional class is "Cell processes, Transport/binding proteins"
Por ejemplo, en muestras del Triasico aparecieron muestras abundantes de Zygomycetes representados en su mayoria por hongos de los ordenes Endogonales y Glonales; en muestras del periodo Pennsilvanico aparecieron importantes muestras le Chytridiomycetes
y algunas muestras de hifas con fibulas caracteristicas de los Basidiomycetes.
The vast majority of fungi are terrestrial, but the chytridiomycetes
, a basal group of fungi, includes flagellated, unicellular, aquatic forms, and it is likely that this was the ancestral condition of the group (1).