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see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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Germanic tribes that originally populated the northern Jutland Peninsula. At the end of the second century B.C., the Cimbri, the Teutoni, and the Ambroni moved south. After gaining a victory over the Romans at Noreia in 113 B.C., the Cimbri moved north into Gaul, where they inflicted a series of defeats on the Romans in 109, 107, and 105 B.C. In 102 B.C. they advanced on Rome and occupied all of Northern Italy. However, in 101 B.C. the troops of the Roman military leader Gaius Marius annihilated the Cimbri at Vercellae (Vercelli).

References in periodicals archive ?
7) Awareness of Romance dialects spoken in the Italian regions remained (around 1960 they seemed on the verge of disappearing, and then the trend was reversed), but surely few Italians today know that at the end of the 19th century Provencal, Catalan, Slovenian, Cimbrian, Albanian and Greek languages among others were all present across the Italian territory.
In this new atmosphere of interest for all the native traditions of the land, including those that the fathers of the nation would have not considered 'Italian' (Albanian, Cimbrian, Greek, Slovenian, etc.
Though there are some historical records of these German people under the names of Cimbrians and Cimmerians, (13) Plutarch has conflated the historically attested German Cimbrians with the mythological Cimmerians of the Odyssey, who appear at the start of Book 11:
The following day, the battle--one of the most substantial the world had seen since Vercellae at the end of the Cimbrian War five and a half centuries earlier--centered on a knife-edged ridge, the capture of which would confer tactical advantage.
Principal wars: Cimbrian War (105-101); Social War (91-88); Sullan Civil War (88-82); Sertorian War (80-72).
Cowardly and self-indulgent without reason and scornful of all things, the nobility abusing the excessive submissiveness of the Roman commoners, shamefully dragging them in a triumph as if they were captured Carthaginians or Cimbrians condemned to the yoke.