Cimmerians

(redirected from Cimmerian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Cimmerians

(sĭmēr`eənz), ancient people of S Russia of whom little is actually known. They are mentioned in Homer, but they emerge into history only in the 8th cent. B.C. when they were driven by the Scythians (see ScythiaScythia
, ancient region of Eurasia, extending from the Danube on the west to the borders of China on the east. The Scythians flourished from the 8th to the 4th cent. B.C. They spoke an Indo-Iranian language but had no system of writing.
..... Click the link for more information.
) from their former home in Crimea and came to the region around Lake Van (in present-day E Turkey). Defeated (634 B.C.) by the Scythians, the Cimmerians swept across Asia Minor, plundering Lydia and breaking the power of PhrygiaPhrygia
, ancient region, central Asia Minor (now central Turkey). The Phrygians, who settled here c.1200 B.C., came from the Balkans and apparently spoke an Indo-European language.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The biblical GomerGomer
, in the Bible. 1 Wife of the prophet Hosea. 2 Son of Japheth and eponym of a people, probably the Cimmerians.
..... Click the link for more information.
 may be the eponym of the Cimmerians, and they are mentioned in the inscriptions of the Assyrians, with whom they warred.

Cimmerians

 

tribes that inhabited the northeastern part of the Black Sea coastal region in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. They were given their name by the ancient Assyrians. In the sixth century B.C., Greek colonists referred to the Kerch Strait as the Bosporus Cimmerius (Cimmerian Bosporus). According to Herodotus and other historians, the Cimmerians lived in the area north of the Black Sea as far as Thrace, but they were driven out of the region by the Scythians. (Greek historians and geographers, however, often confused the Cimmerians with the Scythians.) In the 670’s B.C., the Cimmerians in Asia Minor seized Phrygia, and in the 650’s B.C. they conquered Lydia. They lingered longest in Cappadocia, in the vicinity of Sinope (up to the end of the seventh century B.C.), where they intermingled with the local population. Ancient “Scythian” arrowheads found at the excavations of Boǧazköy, Sardis, Gordium, and other cities in modern Turkey testify to Cimmero-Scythian penetration into Asia Minor. In the archaeology of the Black Sea-Balkan countries, the name Cimmerian is connected with the culture of the transitional period between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. Istoriia Midii. Leningrad, 1956.
Piotrovskii, B. B. Arkheologiia Zakavkaz’ia s drevneishikh vremen do 1 tysiacheletiia do n. e. Leningrad, 1949.
Krupnov, E. I. “Kimmeriitsy na Severnom Kavkaze.” In the collection Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, vol. 68. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
El’nitskii, L. A. Znaniia drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.

L. A. EL’NITSKII

Cimmerians

dwellers in the land beyond Ocean, where the sun never shone. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey XI:14]

Cimmerians

half-mythical people dwelling in eternal gloom. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Night
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the city was taken and destroyed by the Cimmerians, some time between 726 BC and 660 BC.
1) hinterland formed in a fore arc basin on the north-eastern part of Cimmerian plate.
And this Conan doesn't do the image of the Cimmerian warrior any great disservice.
By the age of about 12 he's already a fierce Cimmerian warrior, severing heads.
The action takes him from location to location across the continent of Hyboria as Conan the Cimmerian sets out to avenge the death of his father (Ron Perlman).
Like the 1982 John Milius-directed film, "Conan the Barbarian" shows the young Cimmerian (played by Leo Howard) witnessing the death of his parents, hunting down the man responsible for their murder and demonstrating himself worthy of the sword he will wield in later adventures.
the fabled land of gold is now enveloped in a Cimmerian darkness of ignorance and superstition.
Interrupting the theft of an important artifact, the Book of Lo, Judy is electrocuted by a live wire, becoming Luna Moth, a creature who receives instructions from the Cimmerian moth goddess Lo.
16) In the Cimmerian language, "Kurds" means "residents of the mountains," which is appropriate considering the terrain of the region.
30pm, a policeman's whistle screamed in the grey limbo and Rockerby saw a fleeting glimpse of Vinnie's silhouette, sprinting through the Cimmerian gloom.
There were the people and city of the Cimmerian men, hidden in mist and cloud; nor ever does the sun shining look upon them with its rays, neither when it rises into the starry heaven, nor when it turns back to the earth from the sky, but dread night is spread upon miserable mortals.
Conan the Cimmerian was born in 1932, when Howard cast him in "The Phoenix on the Sword" as barbarian warrior turned statesman; a man with "broad shoulders" and "sun-browned skin," sitting "behind an ivory, gold-inlaid writing-table" (26), yet clearly "out of place" (27) in civilization.