Cinque Ports

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Cinque Ports

(sĭngk) [O. Fr.,=five ports], name applied to an association of maritime towns in Sussex and Kent, SE England. They originally numbered five: Hastings, Romney (now New Romney), Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich. The association was informally organized in the 11th cent., and a formal charter was drawn up in the 13th cent. In the 12th cent., Winchelsea and Rye were added with privileges and duties similar to those of the founding members. Later, neighboring places were added as "limbs" or "members." The Cinque Ports reached their peak of significance during the Anglo-French struggle in the 14th cent. The main duty of the ports was the provision of ships and men for protection against invasion at a time when England had no permanent navy. (The ports form an arc along the coast most likely to receive an invasion from the European continent.) In return the crown allowed the members various privileges, such as exemption from taxation and from certain laws governing municipalities. The highest officer of the chartered organization was the lord warden of the Cinque Ports, who had extensive civil, military, and naval duties. His official residence was at Walmer Castle, near Deal. After Henry VII (1485–1509) founded the royal navy, the association declined. It contributed only five ships to defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588. The office of lord warden remains but has no real power.
References in periodicals archive ?
Included in the lot is the official invitation to the duke to the Cinque Ports Festival of 1839.
Rye, one of the historic Cinque Ports, is a picturesque old townwith narrow, cobbled streets and Tudor buildings.
Stupples drew on her experience of growing up on another of Britain's famous links courses at Royal Cinque Ports in Deal, Kent.
Stupples drew on her experience of growing up on another famous links course at Royal Cinque Ports in Deal, Kent.
Elsewhere it was a disastrous day for the Scots with former Walker Cup stars Gordon Sherry (78) and Marc Warren (73) both missing out at Royal Cinque Ports.
Former Walker Cup stars Gordon Sherry (78) and Marc Warren (73) both missed out at Royal Cinque Ports, while David Orr's 65 at North Foreland came too late after an opening 73.
Off The Wall was the first major solo album Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1978?
Tomorrow they play at the nearby Royal Cinque Ports course.
Who became Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1941?
Bridgend schoolgirl Lydia Hall starred as Wales caused a major upset to reach the semi-finals of the European Under-21 Women's Team Golf Championship in fading light at Royal Cinque Ports, Deal, last night.
Scot Gordon Sherry, who won the British amateur title in 1995 and was hotly- tipped, failed to qualify at Royal Cinque Ports.