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Related to Circumflex coronary artery: Right pulmonary artery, LCX


blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.


A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.


any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
Coronary arteriography, the ultimate clinical arbiter, demonstrated atherothrombotic occlusion in the middle portion of a dominant left circumflex coronary artery.
The following day the patient underwent three-vessel coronary arterial bypass grafting using the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery and saphenous vein grafts to the first obtuse marginal branch of the left circumflex coronary artery and the posterior descending branch of the right coronary artery.
A 90% narrowing of the left circumflex coronary artery beyond the second obtuse marginal branch was stented with a 3 x 18-mm drug-eluting stmt.
Coronary arteriography displayed the genesis of the stunning: a 90% distal left main narrowing extending into and severely narrowing the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery and the proximal left circumflex coronary artery, including its immediate bifurcation into a large obtuse marginal branch and an even larger posterior division.
Case 2 was a 61 years old male patient with stable angina pectoris was referred to coronary angiography, which demonstrated significant middle left circumflex coronary artery stenosis (Fig.
But, left circumflex coronary artery took a course behind the atrioventricular valves and totally occluded proximally with TIMI 1 flow (Fig.

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