Cyrenaica

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Related to Cirenaica: Tripolitania, CIRENE

Cyrenaica

(sĭrənā`ĭkə, sīrə–), historic region, E Libya, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. BenghaziBenghazi
or Bengasi
, city (1985 est. pop. 490,500), capital of Benghazi municipality, NE Libya, the main city of Cyrenaica and a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It is primarily an administrative and commercial center.
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, Al Marj, Darnah, and TobrukTobruk
, Arab. Tubruq, city (1984 pop. 75,282), NE Libya, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a fiercely contested objective in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns in). Tobruk was first taken by the British on Jan. 22, 1941.
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 are the chief cities. The Greeks colonized N Cyrenaica in the 7th cent. B.C., founding numerous settlements. In the mid-1st cent. B.C., Cyrenaica became a Roman province. In A.D. 115–16 there was a large-scale but unsuccessful revolt of Jewish settlers. When Rome was divided (4th cent.) into the Eastern and Western empires, Cyrenaica came under the Byzantines, who, however, exercised little control over the region. In 642 Arab armies conquered Cyrenaica and many Arabs settled in the region from the 9th to 11th cent. The Ottoman Turks captured the area in the mid-16th cent. The SanusiSanusi
or Senussi
, Arabic Sanusiyya, a political-religious organization in Libya and Sudan founded in Mecca in 1837 by Muhammad bin Ali al-Sanusi (1791–1859), known as the Grand Sanusi.
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 Muslim brotherhood was founded (1843) in Cyrenaica and gained many adherents there. For the history of Cyrenaica after the Ottoman conquest, see LibyaLibya
, republic (2005 est. pop. 5,766,000), 679,358 sq mi (1,759,540 sq km), N Africa. It borders on Algeria in the west, on Tunisia in the northwest, on the Mediterranean Sea in the north, on Egypt in the east, on Sudan in the southeast, and on Chad and Niger in the south.
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.

Cyrenaica

 

a historic region in Libya. In the seventh century B.C., Greek cities were founded along the coast of Cyrenaica, the largest being Cyrene. From the sixth to the fourth century B.C. the region was part of the Achaemenid Empire. It was later incorporated into the empire of Alexander the Great. After Alexander’s death, Cyrenaica was under the rule of the Ptolemies. In the first century B.C., it became a Roman province; it subsequently was under Byzantine rule. In A.D. 640–650, Cyrenaica was conquered by the Arabs, and in the 16th century it fell to the Turks.

After the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–12, the Italians occupied part of Cyrenaica; they annexed the remainder of the territory in 1928. The region, together with Tripolitania and Fezzan, later formed the Italian colony of Libya. At the end of World War II (1939–45), Cyrenaica was occupied by British forces, who established a large military base there; the base was closed after the revolutionary coup in Libya in 1969. From 1951 (December) to 1963, Cyrenaica was one of the three provinces of Libya. With the introduction of new administrative divisions, the region ceased to exist as an independent unit and was divided into the muhafazat (governorships) of Benghazi, Darnah, and Al Jabal al Akhdar.

References in periodicals archive ?
22) La escuela cirenaica tuvo como fundador a Aristipo de Cirene, de ahi su nombre.
Hubiese sido interesante que se dedicara aqui un espacio a comparar la propuesta megarica y la cirenaica en lo que respecta a la relacion entre el lenguaje y la realidad dado que, segun entiendo, ambos grupos integrarian, en terminos de Marsico, una misma "zona de tension dialogica".
e reconhecido entre os estudiosos de historia e arqueologia da Cirenaica como um momento de grande importAncia para a vida e para o desenvolvimento da cidade.
Con ese argumento, Ibrahim al Jathran, lider de una milicia que lucha por la autonomia de Cirenaica, ocupo el pasado 1 de julio los pozos y los puertos petroleros de Brega y Sidra .
En 1951 le fue otorgada la independencia formal como Estado unificado, quedando bajo el gobierno del Rey Idris, lider de la tribu Sanusi de la region oriental de Cirenaica, que contaba con el apoyo de Gran Bretana.
Sin embargo, el problema mayor sucedio desde la convocatoria a las elecciones, cuando una region entera, Cirenaica, objeto la ley electoral que le restaba diputados en relacion con la zona de Tripolitania.
Por ultimo, no es casualidad que la contestacion frente al regimen de Gadafi en 2011 haya provenido de Bengasi, la capital caida de la Cirenaica.
38) En este texto programatico, en el caso de Libia, Putin apunta las consecuencias negativas de las denominadas acciones de "liberacion", a traves de los bombardeos humanitarios y un pais fragmentado en una Cirenaica mas atrasada que Tripolitania y la idea de imponer en el poder a un pariente del rey que estaba antes de Gadaffi en el trono, creando una especie de emirato fomentado por Arabia Saudita y Occidente.
A primeira oracao refere o numero de graos de areia que se estende numa vasta zona da Cirenaica, entre o templo de Jupiter (ou de Amon, no deserto da Libia) e o tumulo de Bato, antigo fundador e primeiro rei da cidade de Cirene.
Fue por contagio de lo ocurrido en Tunez o en Egipto, al ser esta nacion influyente en Cirenaica, la parte oriental del pais?
The artists include: Juan Carlos Alom, Belkis Ay-n, Abel Barroso, Agust'n Bejarano, Mar'a Magdalena Campos-Pons, Ral Cordero, Roberto Fabelo, Jos Fors, Ren Francisco, Aime Garcia, Alejandro Gonz[sz]lez, Ibrahim Miranda, Elsa Mora, Cirenaica Moriera, Novo, Ren Pe[+ or -]a, Sandra Ramos, Fernando Rodr'guez and Jos Toiric.