Ciskei


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Related to Ciskei: Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Gazankulu

Ciskei

(sĭskī`), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast. The capital was Bisho (now Bhisho). Ciskei was largely dependent on South Africa for economic support.

Under acts of the South African Parliament, land was set aside for blacks in pseudoindependent territories (originally called "bantustans"), allegedly to allow blacks self-government and cultural preservation. Ciskei was designated for Xhosa-speaking people. In 1961, Ciskei became a separate administrative territory and in 1972 was declared "self-governing." During the 1970s Xhosa-speaking people were relocated to the homeland.

In 1981, Ciskei became the fourth homeland to be granted "independence" and subsequently its residents' South African citizenship was revoked. Ciskei, like all of the homelands, was not recognized as an independent nation by the international community. Even after the legal foundation of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 was largely struck down in 1991–92, the Ciskei government remained closely aligned with the South African government. In Sept., 1992, Ciskei police fired on a crowd of African National Congress demonstrators, killing 28 and wounding several hundred. South Africa took control of Ciskei in early 1994 after a coup by local police, and later that year, Ciskei and the other homelands were reincorporated into South Africa after the nation's first all-race elections.

Ciskei

(formerly) a Bantustan in SE South Africa; granted independence in 1981 but this was not recognized outside South Africa; abolished in 1993. Capital: Bisho
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1993, the Provincial Department of Health had the responsibility of amalgamating the three administrative areas of the Ciskei, Transkei and Cape Province to provide a comprehensive and integrated health service.
Unless blacks in the Ciskei and elsewhere in South Africa devoted themselves to penitence, Nontetha warned, they would slide toward oblivion.
In 1980, protests against the impending "independence" of Ciskei forced Fort Hare into a temporary closure.
3) As an illustration see section 6(1) of the Status of Ciskei Act 110 of 1981.
44 of 1957), and the appropriate functionary exercising corresponding powers provided for in the corresponding legislation of the Republic of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda or Ciskei, to make, amend or repeal regulations regarding matters concerning defence force conduct, functioning, structures and deployment relevant to the objects of the Council, and any commander of an armed force issuing directives in regard to such a matters, shall act in consultation with the Subcouncil, which may itself propose such regulations or directives or the amendment or repeal of such regulations or directives: Provided that if no agreement is reached between the Minister, functionary or commander and the Subcouncil, the matter shall be referred to the Special Electoral Court for determination.
William Fox and Douglas Back, "A Preliminary Survey of the Agricultural and Nutritional Problems of the Ciskei and Transkeian Territories with Special Reference to Their Bearing on the Recruiting of Labourers for the Gold Mining Industry," (unpub.
In Zantsi, the court heard an appeal from a decision by the Ciskei Provincial Division which held that local and provincial divisions of the Supreme Court had the power to enquire into the constitutionality of statutes passed before the commencement of the Constitution.
The Reynders Committee (1) in 1980 reported to the Regional Health Organisation for Southern Africa (RHOSA) (members: Gazankulu, Lebowa, Kangwane, KwaNdebele, QwaQwa, Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, Ciskei, SWA/Namibia) the difficulties being experienced by the members in recruiting doctors and other health professionals and in keeping them, once recruited.
Ritual circumcision (Umkhwetha) amongst the Xhosa of the Ciskei.
Switzer, Les, Power and Resistance in an African Society: The Ciskei Xhosa and the Making of South Africa (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993)
4 million, incorporates the former homelands of Transkei and Ciskei.
He was the Ciskei Minister of Health from 1990 to 1993.