cittern

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cittern

(sĭt`ərn), stringed musical instrument of the guitar family having an oval body, a flat back, and a fretted neck. Its strings, made of wire and varying in number, were plucked. It was first made in the Middle Ages and at that time was usually called citole or sitole. The name cittern was given it in the 16th cent. in England, where, as in all western Europe, it was very popular until the early part of the 18th cent. It has also been called cister, cistre, cithern, cithren, citharen, cetera, cither, cithara, gittern, and sittron.

Cittern

 

an ancient plucked stringed instrument. The cittern, which had a pear-shaped body, resembled the modern mandolin; it had four to 12 pairs of metal strings and one treble string. It was common in Germany, Italy, and other Western European countries from the 15th to the early 19th century and was especially popular among the urban population in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The instrument was subsequently supplanted by the guitar. Special types of citterns included the archcittern, the tenor cittern, and the English guitar. The cittern is still played in Spain.

REFERENCE

Sachs, C. Handbuch der Musikinstrumentenkunde, 2nd ed. Leipzig [1966]. Pages 205–09.
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5) Bernardo de Brito, Primeira parte da Chronica de Cister (Lisbon: Crasbeeck, 1602), III, 5, fols 130-31.
Tenders are invited for Supply of set of pocelain commode and basin for coaches consisting of 02 (two) items are as(1) porcelain single syphonic cister and commode s type,colour off-white with lid and seat with bracket and all fittings to model cascade,s trap-0217 of parryware or similar of neycer-hindware,qty-kit is equal to01 no and(2) porcelain flat back wash basin,size, 550 x 400 mm with pocelain stand height 675 mm, colour off-white,with arm rest,c.
Tenders are invited for Supply of set of pocelain commode and basin for coaches consisting of 02 two items are as 1 porcelain single syphonic cister and commode s type,colour off-white with lid and seat with bracket and all fittings to model cascade,s trap-0217 of parryware or similar of neycer-hindware,qty-kit is equal to01 no and 2 porcelain flat back wash basin,size, 550 x 400 mm with pocelain stand height 675 mm, colour off-white,with arm rest,c.