Citadel, The-The Military College of South Carolina

Citadel, The–The Military College of South Carolina

(sĭt`ədəl, –dĕl'), at Charleston; state supported; chartered (1842) as The Citadel, opened 1843. From 1882 to 1910 it was named the South Carolina Military Academy. Cadets are subject to military regulations. The exclusion of women from the traditionally all-male corps of cadets was challenged in court in the mid-1990s, and a state-sponsored South Carolina Institute of Leadership for Women opened (1995) at Converse College, Spartanburg, S.C., as a parallel program for women. In 1996, after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a similar program at the Virginia Military InstituteVirginia Military Institute
(VMI), at Lexington; state supported; chartered and opened 1839 as the first state military college in the United States. Although one of the leading U.S. military institutions, it grants degrees in engineering, science, and the liberal arts.
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 was inadequate, The Citadel voted to admit women to the cadet corps, and in 1999 the first woman graduated from the school.


See study by C. S. Manegold (2000).