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Related to Citral: geraniol, citronellol


(organic chemistry)
C10H16O A pale-yellow liquid that in commerce is a mixture of two isomeric forms, alpha and beta; insoluble in water, soluble in glycerin or benzyl benzoate; used in perfumery and as an intermediate to form other compounds. Also known as geranial; geranialdehyde.



(also 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal), a terpene aldehyde. Citral is a light yellow liquid with the structural formula

It has a strong lemon-like odor. Citral is insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and ether. It has a boiling point of 228°–229°C and a density of 0.887 g/cm3 at 20°C.

Citral consists of a mixture of two stereoisomeric forms: the trans form α-citral (I), or geranial, and the cis form β-citral (II), or neral. A component of many essential oils, it is separated industrially from these oils—especially from lemongrass oil, which contains up to 80 percent citral. It is also synthesized from such compounds as isoprene, acetylene, and acetone.

Citral is used as an ingredient of flavorings, perfumes, and drugs. It is also used as a raw material in the production of vitamin A and many valuable odoriferous substances, including citronellol, ionone, methylionone, iralia, and hydroxycitronellal.

References in periodicals archive ?
Citral Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis
citratus Stapf, pode-se esperar que o rendimento para extracao do oleo essencial nao seja afetado pelo ambiente em que a planta e cultivada, como tambem grande parte de suas atividades farmacologicas nao sejam afetadas, visto que as moleculas apolares citral, [beta]-mirceno e eugenol sao os principais constituintes ativos (EKUNDAYO, 1985; CARLINI et al.
A related study showed that it took nearly five times as much citral from lemongrass to get the same protective effect as oregano-derived carvacrol.
Schimmel & Co of Dresden carried out the first analysis of the oil observing an extremely high (90-97%) citral content.
Encapci Creative Compounds GuggulEZ100 Creative Compounds Citral M Creative Compounds Nitrous Malate Creative Compounds 2CM Creative Compounds Isolyn Cyanotech Corporation BioAstin Natural Astaxanthin Cyanotech Corporation Spirulina Pacifica Danisco Sweeteners Litesse polydextrose Danisco Sweeteners Xylitol Danisco Sweeteners Lactitol Danisco Sweeteners Xylose DMV International Praventin DMV International Insulink-GF DMV International Peption DMV International Refit DSM Nutritional Products, Inc.
The major constituents were citral and a farnesol/nerolidol isomer.
Native to the rainforests of Queensland, Australia, lemon myrtle is 90% citral (that which gives lemons, lemongrass and lemon myrtle their lemony scents) and described as "more lemon than lemon.
Backhousia citriodora oil for many years, after the advent of cheap commercially available synthetic citral, and now enjoying modest comeback due to interest in natural perfumery); b) materials which have slipped from fashionable use, but can be obtained with difficulty (e.
You can also paint yourself with a mixture of pheromonelike chemicals called citral and geraniol," says Mussen.
flavor and fragrance materials industry is aspartame, with other major products being, citral, mint, cedarwood, and citrus essential oils.
Our new production plant for citral is currently being put into operation in Ludwigshafen.
com adds " 2015 Deep Research Report on Global Citral Industry " of 119 pages and " 2015 Deep Research Report on Global Citronellol Industry " of 122 pages to its research database.