Citronellal


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Citronellal

 

(also 3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal), the terpene aldehyde (CH3)2C═CH(CH2)2CH(CH3)CH2CHO. Citronellal is a colorless liquid with a pleasant, lemonlike odor. Insoluble in water, it is soluble in alcohol and ether. It has a boiling point of 206.9°C and a density of 0.855 g/cm3 at 20°C.

Citronellal is a component of many essential oils. It is obtained from these oils—particularly citronella oil—by rectification or by a process yielding a bisulfite derivative. Citronellal is used as an ingredient of perfumes and as a raw material in the production of fragrant substances, such as citronellol and hydrocitronellal.

References in periodicals archive ?
22] found that the main component of the lemon balm oil they studied was carvacrol or in some of studies citronellal, citronellol, linalool and geranial as major chemical compositions of the essential oil of the lemon balm [4,8,27,38].
Source of Degree Caryophylle Geranial Citronellal variation of ne [beta] freedom Mean of Square Year(Y) 1 5.
In the second study, Montell and colleagues focused on the repellent citronellal.
evaluated the antinociceptive effect of citronellal through behavioral experimental models.
Our results revealed that there is 82% oxygenated monoterpenes (rosefuran, linalool, citronellal, isogeranial, rosefuran epoxide, neral, geranial, methyl geranate, geranyl acetate), 3.
Clove oil killed 78 percent of mites tested, while citronellal killed 68 percent.
linalool and LA at Gl, citral and citronellal at S phase and benzyl benzoate at G2-M phase and induced apoptosis.
Mutagenicity testing of (+/-)-camphor, 1,8-cineole, citral, citronellal, (-)-menthol and terpineol with the Salmonella/microsome assay.
Melissa officinalis essential oil was phytochemically examined by GC-MS analysis, its main constituents were identified as monoterpenaldehydes citral a, citral b and citronellal.
winterianus essential oil is rich in citronellal, geraniol and citronellol (Cassel and Vargas, 2006).
Main components are citronellal, citral a, and citral b, as well as other monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
Mutagenicity testing (+/-)-camphor, 1,8-cineole, citral, citronellal, (-)-menthol and terpineol with the salmonella/microsome assay.