The purity was obtained with gas chromatography: carvacrol 100%, citral 97%, citronellol
97%, cuminaldehyde 99%, eugenol 100%, geraniol 98% and perillaldehyde 94%.
BASF is the leading producer of citral-based products worldwide, with a portfolio that includes aroma ingredients, such as geraniol, citronellol
, linalool and L-menthol, as well as vitamins and carotenoids.
The Global Citronellol
Industry Report 2015 is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Citronellol
These are professional and deep research reports on the citral market and citronellol
The researchers concluded that the acyclic monoterpenes, such as myrcene, linalool, citronellol
and citronellal, tend to modulate the opioid system as well as decreasing the release of NO.
The major chemical constituents are citronellol
, geraniol and linalool.
Another example is citronellol
, which may be produced from either [alpha] or [beta]-pinene in a four-step synthesis involving hydrogenation, heating, acidification and alkaline hydolysis.
In addition to the proposed plant, BASF PETRONAS Chemicals Sdn Bhd is also building an Integrated Aroma Ingredients Complex at its Kuantan site for the manufacturing of citronellol
, L-menthol as well as citral and its precursors which are widely used in flavour and fragrance industry.
Citronellyl acetate (7) was transformed to citronellol
(8) and 8I hydroxycitronellol (9) by fermentation of A.
22] found that the main component of the lemon balm oil they studied was carvacrol or in some of studies citronellal, citronellol
, linalool and geranial as major chemical compositions of the essential oil of the lemon balm [4,8,27,38].
They include organic acids (acetic, benzoic, cinnamic and phenylacetic); alcohols (benzyl alcohol, borneol, cinnamyl alcohol, citronellol
, geraniol, linalool, menthol, phenylethyl alcohol and terpineol); aldehydes (anisic aldehyde, cinnamic aldehyde, benzaldehyde, citral, piperonal or heliotropin, salicylic aldehyde and vanillin); ketones (carvones, camphor, thujone, pulegone, etc; esters such as bornyl acetate, methyl salicylate, benzyl benzoate, geranyl acetate and linalyl acetate); phenols (thymol, carvacrol and chavicol); phenol ethers (anethol, eugenol and safrol) and many other more complex compounds such as coumarin and indol.
To be sited within the existing location in Gebeng, the complex, which is co-owned by BASF SE and PETRONAS Chemicals Group (PCG), will be home to a facility to produce citral and its precursors as well as allied downstream plants to make citronellol