Barcelona

(redirected from City of Barcelona)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Barcelona

(bär'səlō`nə, Catalan bär'səlō`nə, Span. bär'thālō`nä), city (1990 pop. 4,738,354), capital of Barcelona prov. and chief city of Catalonia, NE Spain, on the Mediterranean Sea.

Economy

Situated on a plain between the Llobregat and Besós rivers and lying between mountains and the sea, Barcelona is the second largest city of Spain, its largest port, and its chief commercial and industrial center. It is also the seat of two universities and many other educational institutions. Textiles, machinery, automobiles, locomotives, airplanes, and electrical equipment are the chief manufactures. International banking and finance are also important.

Points of Interest

A handsome modern city, Barcelona has broad avenues, bustling traffic, and striking new buildings. The old city, with winding, narrow streets (Roman walls are still visible), has many historic structures, including the imposing Cathedral of Santa Eulalia (13th–15th cent.) with its fine cloisters, the Church of Santa María del Mar, the city hall, and the Lonja or exchange. Also notable is the Church of the Sagrada Familia (begun 1882), designed by Antonio GaudíGaudí i Cornet, Antonio
, 1852–1926, Spanish architect. Working mainly in Barcelona, he created startling new architectural forms that paralleled the stylistic development of art nouveau or modernismo.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Barcelona is the site of the Fine Arts Museum of Catalonia, the Contemporary Art Museum, museums of Miró's, Picasso's and Dali's works, and a noted opera house.

History

Barcelona was founded by the Carthaginians, and, according to tradition, it supposedly derives its name from the great BarcaBarca,
surname, probably meaning lightning, given members of a powerful Carthaginian family: see Hamilcar Barca; Hannibal; Hasdrubal.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family of Carthage. The city flourished under the Romans and Visigoths, fell to the Moors (8th cent.), and was taken (801) by Charlemagne, who included it in the Spanish March. In the 9th to 10th cent. the march became independent under the leadership of the powerful counts of Barcelona, who wrested lands to the south from the Moors, thus acquiring all Catalonia. The counts also won suzerainty over several fiefs in S France.

The marriage of Count Raymond Berengar IV to the heiress of Aragón united (1137) the two lands under one dynasty; the title, count of Barcelona, was subsequently borne by the kings of Aragón, who made the city their capital, and later the kings of Spain. Under its strong municipal government Barcelona vastly expanded both its Mediterranean trade, becoming a rival of Genoa and Venice, and its cloth industry and flourished as a banking center. Reaching its peak around 1400, the city later shared in the general decline of Catalonia. It was repeatedly (1640–52, 1715, 1808–14) occupied by the French.

Barcelona was always the stronghold of Catalan separatism and was the scene of many insurrections. It was the center of the Catalan revolt (1640–52) against Philip IV of Spain. Later it also became the Spanish center of anarchism, syndicalism, and other radical political beliefs. It was the capital of the Catalan autonomous government (1932–39) and the seat of the Spanish Loyalist government from Oct., 1937, until its fall to Franco on Jan. 26, 1939. Barcelona remains a center of separatism and political liberalism; in the 1950s, it was the scene of sporadic demonstrations against the Franco regime. Present-day Barcelona is a cultural center of Spain, and since the 1970s it has reasserted its Catalan linguistic character. It was the site of the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Bibliography

See A. Boyd, The Essence of Catalonia (1988), L. Permanyer, Barcelona Art Nouveau (1999).

Barcelona

 

city and port in northeastern Spain on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea between the Besós and Llobregat rivers.

Barcelona is the administrative center of Catalonia and the province of Barcelona. In terms of population, it is the second largest city in the country after Madrid. The population is 1,800,000 (according to the census of 1968; 1,081,200 in 1940; 1,280,200 in 1950; 1,538,700 in 1960). The area of the municipal region of Barcelona is approximately 10,000 hectares.

Historical survey. Barcelona was probably founded by the Carthaginians in the third century B.C. Between 877 and 1137 it was the capital of the province of Barcelona, which was later united with Aragon. From the 13th to 15th century Barcelona was a very important commercial city on the Mediterranean Sea, on a par with Genoa and Venice. Beginning in the 17th century Barcelona became the center of the national liberation struggle of the Catalan people against Spanish absolutism. Beginning in the mid- 19th century it was the most important center of the Spanish workers’ movement. In 1870 the First Congress of the Spanish Section of the First International took place in Barcelona. In 1909 a general strike in Barcelona developed into an armed uprising (the Bloody Week of July 26–31). From 1918 to 1920 an acute struggle took place in Barcelona between the workers and democratic forces and the forces of reaction (on the one hand, the general strikes of 1919–20; on the other hand, the white terror of 1920). Barcelona was a main stronghold during the national revolutionary war of the Spanish people (1936–39). (From November 1937 to Jan. 26, 1939, it was the provisional capital of the Spanish Republic.) In Franco’s Spain, Barcelona is one of the main centers of the democratic and workers’ movements (especially since the 1950’s).

Economic and geographical survey. Barcelona is an important economic center of Spain. It is a junction for maritime, railroad, air, and automobile transportation. The port of Barcelona has a man-made harbor (length of docks, 9,500 m). In terms of freight turnover (7.7 million tons in 1965) and the number of ships it can accommodate (13,400), it is one of the largest ports on the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s important banks are concentrated in Barcelona. It is the largest industrial city in Spain. Eighty-five to 90 percent of Catalonia’s industrial production is concentrated in Barcelona and its province. Among the major industries are textiles (largest center in Spain), electrometallurgical products, machine-building (mainly ships, automobiles, locomotives, and machine tools), chemicals, electrical engineering products, cement, food-processing, woodworking, and leather products. Barcelona is a commercial center of international importance. The international exhibitions of 1888 and 1929 were held there.

Barcelona is made up of three parts: the Old City, the New City, and the former suburbs. Mount Tibidabo (532 m) dominates the city. Barcelona has a subway (25 km). The industrial suburbs are San Andrés, Gracia (in the north), and San Martin (“the Spanish Manchester,” in the south), Barcelona has a university (founded in the 15th century) and other institutions of higher learning. There is a theater of opera and ballet, a conservatory, an astronomical observatory, museums (historical, archaeological, geological, naval, fine arts, modern art, and others), and a zoo.

L. ARMENGOL

Architecture and planning. The business center of the city is the Plaza de Cataluña, which is located between the Old City, with its narrow streets and flat-roofed houses (in the vicinity of the port) and the New City (southwestern Barcelona), with its rectangular blocks and wide, tree-lined avenues. Among the many architectural monuments that have been preserved are the Church of San Pablo del Campo (founded in the tenth century, rebuilt in 1120; Romanesque facade, 13th century); the Gothic Cathedral of Barcelona (1298–15th century); the Church of Santa Maria del Mar (1320–70); the stock exchange (1380–92; annexes, 1763); the Audiencia law court (mid-15th century); the Baroque Church of Nuestra Señora de Belén (1687–1729); and the Güell Palace (1885–89) and Church of the Sagrada Familia (begun in 1884), both built according to A. Gaudfs design. Among the newest buildings are the SEAT Automobile Factory (1954–56, by the architect R. de la Joya and others); the building of the law faculty of the university (1956, by the architect G. Dávila and others); the soccer stadium (1959, by the architect L. G. Barbon and others); and the building of the College of Architects (1963), with a frieze after a sketch by P. Picasso.

REFERENCES

Ainaud de Lasarte, J. La ciudad de Barcelona, vols. 1–2. Madrid, 1947.
Romero, L. Barcelona. Barcelona, 1954.

Barcelona

the chief port of Spain, on the NE Mediterranean coast: seat of the Republican government during the Civil War (1936--39); the commercial capital of Spain. Pop.: 1 582 738 (2003 est.)

Barcelona

The code name for AMD's quad-core chip introduced in 2007. With many enhancements for virtualization, instruction execution and memory bandwidth, the Barcelona has four separate processors, each having its own dedicated L1 and L2 caches. All processors share the same L3 cache. Using 48-bit addressing, the Barcelona can work with up to 256 terabytes of physical memory. See Opteron and quad core.
References in periodicals archive ?
The northeastern coastal city of Barcelona is the capital of Cataluna, and what Olson calls "the home and the heart of cava.
The new carrier may be called "Mediterranea" and will have its hub in the Spanish city of Barcelona, the paper said.
In a recent interview Gerrard enthused about the city of Barcelona and the Nou Camp, claiming the pitch reminds him of Wembley at its best.
The two areas to be served with BreezeMAX equipment are Andalusia, Spain's second largest and most highly populated region, and Catalonia, including the city of Barcelona as well as towns located in the Pyrenees mountains.
We're offering you and a friend the chance to win an unforgettable trip to the exciting and vibrant city of Barcelona.
Perhaps no building more characterizes the Spanish city of Barcelona than the Templo Expiatro de la Sagrada Familia, designed by the architect Antoni Gaudi and still under construction.
The region includes the city of Barcelona, as well as Costa Brava resorts such as Lloret de Mar.
Contract notice: Announcement of the city of barcelona by marco fixing agreement for the procurement of services in unconventional strategic advice, planning, mediation in negotiations, management hiring spaces in all conventional means and is convened, with the encouragement employment of people with special difficulties to enter the labor market.
Arrivals 0207 0830 King of Scandinavia Ijmuiden RoRo 3 0207 1400 Frisian Trader Felixstowe Container Terminal 0307 0001 City of Barcelona Le Havre Car Term 3 0307 0500 Saga Ruby Bergen N'brian Qy 0307 0600 City of Lutece Tees Car Term 2 0307 0830 Princess of Norway RoRo3 Ijmuiden 0307 0900 City of Mumbai Hanko Car Term 1
ACEFHAT, created in 1990, coordinates and manages the public works projects on public thoroughfares in the city of Barcelona.
ARRIVALS Today: Fjellstraum, Hamburg; Swan Diana, Rotterdam; City of Barcelona, Le Havre; Fast Filip, Ijmuiden.
The great city of Barcelona on the shores of the Mediterranean, is one of the `must see' European destinations.

Full browser ?