Derry

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Derry

(dĕr`ē) or

Londonderry

(lŭn'dəndĕr`ē, lŭn`dəndĕr'ē) city (1991 pop. 95,371) and district, NW Northern Ireland. Much of the district is hilly, except for the low cultivated plain along Lough Foyle. The district was dominated for many centuries by the O'Neill family. The city, on the Foyle River near the head of Lough Foyle, is the second most important in Northern Ireland. It is a naval base and seaport with industries that include food processing, textiles and apparel, computer products and services, and chemicals.

The city grew up around an abbey founded in 546 by St. Columba. It was burned by the Danes in 812. In 1311 Derry was granted to Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster. When it was turned over (1613) to the corporations of the City of London, the name was changed to Londonderry; the older name was restored for the local government authority in 1984. The old town walls are well preserved. In the siege of Londonderry by the forces of James II (beginning in Apr., 1689), it was held for 105 days under the leadership of George WalkerWalker, George,
1618–90, Irish Anglican clergyman and commander. As joint governor of Londonderry (now Derry) during the siege (1689) of that city by the army of the deposed James II, Walker roused the people by his courage and inspiring sermons and was able to hold the
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; a triumphal arch, a column, and one of the town gates commemorate the siege. In the late 20th cent. the city was the scene of conflict between Catholics and Protestants.

The city contains a Protestant cathedral (built 1628–33; restored 1886–87), a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a monastery church (founded 1164). Magee Univ. College in Derry is affiliated with Queens Univ., Belfast.


Derry,

town (1990 pop. 29,603), Rockingham co., SE N.H.; set off from Londonderry 1827. Rapid population growth has changed it from a small town to a suburb. Chemicals and electronic equipment are made. Robert FrostFrost, Robert,
1874–1963, American poet, b. San Francisco. Perhaps the most popular and beloved of 20th-century American poets, Frost wrote of the character, people, and landscape of New England in a spare, solidly American language, but his lyrical yet frequently bleak,
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 farmed and taught school in Derry.

Derry

1. a district in NW Northern Ireland, in Co. Londonderry. Pop.: 106 456 (2003 est.). Area: 387 sq. km (149 sq. miles)
2. another name for Londonderry
References in periodicals archive ?
The City of Derry airport is also one of the biggest beneficiaries of the Irish Government's EASP scheme, which aims to keep the regions connected to Dublin by air.
THE City of Derry Airport reopened to flights from midnight last night - with flights to Liverpool set to resume tomorrow - after regulatory officials approved fresh passenger safety measures.
Perhaps there is hope yet that racing can be saved in the city of Derry.
The Irish Government may also be questioned after City of Derry Airport revealed last month that it handed over at least pounds 1.
She followed him to Ireland when Spee got the chance to play for the City of Derry club and, having decided to take up rugby herself, she made rapid progress playing for the Cooke club, then the Ulster provincial side and Combined Irish Provinces before their summer move to the Midlands.
6 Which river flows through the city of Derry (Londonderry)?
An Airbus A320 operated by Irish charter airline Eirjet under contract to FR made the mistake of flying into the Ballykelly airstrip, a former RAF bomber base, instead of City of Derry Airport, five miles away and with a parallel but licensed runway.
He touched down the flight from Liverpool five miles short of his intended destination at City of Derry Airport.
Renowned musicians, including Van Morrison, will be attending the City of Derry Jazz Festival and June said she feels honoured to be joining them.
Mitchell McLaughlin announced last week that his party - and we can take it the DUP had no problem with the idea - had suggested that money for the extension of the runway at City of Derry airport should be included in the proposed billion-pound 'sweetener' to accompany a renewed Agreement.
But in July 1991 Harper drove past a straggling procession of walkers on a three-day pilgrimage from the city of Derry to the Shrine of Our Lady of Knock.
The siege, and relief, of the city of Derry in 1688-89 has been a template for the historical mentality of the Protestants of Ulster, from the time of the actual events until the present day.