Lausanne

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Lausanne

(lōzän`), city (1990 pop. 117,600), capital of Vaud canton, W Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva. An important rail junction and lake port (see OuchyOuchy
, village, Vaud canton, W Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva. It is the port and shorefront of Lausanne. Ouchy is a resort and was at times the residence of Shelley and Byron.
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), it is the trade and commercial center of a rich agricultural region. The construction of the Simplon Tunnel (see under SimplonSimplon
, pass, 6,590 ft (2,009 m) high, in the Lepontine Alps, Valais canton, S Switzerland. It is crossed by the Simplon Road built (1800–1806) by Napoleon I.
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) in 1906 gave Lausanne much greater commercial significance, putting it on the road between Paris and Milan. Food and tobacco products are produced, as well as precision instruments, clothing, metal products, and leather goods. Lausanne is also a well-known resort city and has been the meeting place of many international conferences. It is headquarters of the International Olympic Committee, many sport governing bodies, and the seat of the Swiss federal court of appeal.

Originally a Celtic settlement, it became a Roman military camp called Lousanna. An episcopal see since the late 6th cent., it was ruled by prince-bishops until 1536, when it was conquered by Bern and accepted the Reformation. Bernese rule ended in 1798, and Lausanne became (1803) the capital of the newly formed canton of VaudVaud
, Ger. Waadt, canton (1993 pop. 593,000), 1,239 sq mi (3,209 sq km), W Switzerland. Lausanne is the capital. Bordering on France in the west, it lies roughly between the Lake of Geneva, the Lake of Neuchâtel, the Jura Mts., and the Bernese Alps.
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. The scene of brilliant social life in the 18th cent., Lausanne was the residence of Gibbon, Rousseau, and Voltaire. Lausanne has the famous Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame and several notable museums. The Univ. of Lausanne was founded as a Protestant school of theology in 1537 and became famous as a center of CalvinismCalvinism,
term used in several different senses. It may indicate the teachings expressed by John Calvin himself; it may be extended to include all that developed from his doctrine and practice in Protestant countries in social, political, and ethical, as well as theological,
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. It was made a university in 1890. It and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (part of the university until 1969) are now in the suburb of Ecublens.

Lausanne

 

a city in southwestern Switzerland; capital of the canton of Vaud. Population, 140,000 (1970). Lausanne is a railroad junction of trans-European importance, as well as a port on Lake Geneva. Among the city’s major industries are secondary metallurgy, machine building, printing, and tobacco. A university and a higher technical school are located in Lausanne, which is also the site of the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research. The headquarters of the International Olympic Committee is in Lausanne. The city is a center for international tourism.

In antiquity a colony, which was called Lausonium during the Roman period, was located on the site of present-day Lausanne. During the Middle Ages, Lausanne was an episcopal city. (It became a bishopric in the sixth century.) The power of the seignor-bishop was abolished at the time of the Reformation (1536). From 1536 to 1798 the city was a dependency of Bern. It became the capital of the canton of Vaud in 1803. Numerous international congresses and conferences have been held in Lausanne, including the Second Congress of the First International (1867) and the Lausanne Conference of 1922–23.

Among the city’s most outstanding architectural works are the Cathedral of Notre Dame (begun in 1175; basic construction done between 1219 and 1275; early Burgundian Gothic style), the Gothic Church of St. Francis (1258–62), the bishop’s castle (14th-16th centuries), and the late Gothic city hall (1468; finished in the baroque style in 1674). Modern buildings include the administrative building and warehouse of the Eastman Kodak Company (1961–63; architect F. Brügger), the trade center (1960–64; architect J. P. Cahen), and the World Health Organization building (1966; architects J. Tschumi and P. Bonnard). The Cantonal Fine Arts Museum is located in Lausanne.

Lausanne

a city in W Switzerland, capital of Vaud canton, on Lake Geneva; cultural and commercial centre; university (1537). Pop.: 116 300 (2002 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
For days Iran, the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China have been holding marathon negotiations in the Swiss city of Lausanne to break an impasse in nuclear negotiations, but officials cautioned that attempts to reach a framework accord could yet fall apart.
A center in the Swiss city of Lausanne had tested biological samples taken from Arafat's personal belongings given to his widow after his death, and found "abnormal levels of polonium" - an extremely radioactive toxin, but stopped short of saying that he had been poisoned by it.
With the architectural style of a 'Grand Chateau', its international standing and unique design, the Royal Savoy is both a historic building and the pride of the city of Lausanne," said Katara Hospitality, chief executive officer and board member Hamad Abdulla Al-Mulla.
Al-Mulla said: "With the architectural style of a 'Grand Chateau', its international standing and unique design, the Royal Savoy is both a historic building and the pride of the city of Lausanne.
GENEVA -- Seventeen people were slightly injured and around 50 evacuated Sunday when a fire swept through a restaurant in the Swiss city of Lausanne, police said.
Collections seeing enthusiasm for The Watchers, the first book, will appreciate the ongoing blend of history, metaphysics and a thriller in this second part, which begins three years after the dramatic events that resolved some introductory mysteries in the Swiss city of Lausanne.
According to police, the five people who were seriously injured were taken to the hospital in the nearby city of Lausanne.
The Beau-Rivage Palace is a luxury hotel set on the shores of Lake Geneva in the Swiss city of Lausanne.
SIMON ARMSTRONG visits the Olympic city of Lausanne and gives Usain Bolt a run for his money.
The treaty was signed by representatives of Turkey on one side and by Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenians (Yugoslavia) on the other after an eight-month conference in Swiss city of Lausanne on July 24, 1923.
a leading provider of Intelligent Capture & Exchange solutions, has received a major order from the City of Lausanne - Switzerland's fifth largest municipality - for Kofax Express, the company's newest scan-to-archive solution for batch scanning applications.

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