Civil Aviation, Higher Educational Institutions for

Civil Aviation, Higher Educational Institutions for

 

institutions that train engineers in the field of technical operation of aircraft (airplanes, helicopters) and their engines, electronic equipment, electrical equipment, and instruments. These institutions also provide education in the radio engineering equipment of airports, operation of automatic systems and computers, and the field of the economics and organization of air transport and the operation and repair of airports.

In the USSR in 1971 there were four higher schools of civil aviation: the Kiev Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers (founded in 1933, awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor), the Lenin Komsomol Riga Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers (founded in 1960, awarded the Red Banner), the Moscow Institute of Aviation (founded in 1971), and the Higher School of Civil Aviation Engineers in Leningrad (founded in 1955, awarded the Order of Lenin, reorganized in 1971 into the Academy of Civil Aviation). All the higher educational institutions have daytime departments (except Riga), correspondence departments, and graduate studies; the Kiev institute has branches and academic-consultation offices in cities where large civilian airports are located.

The period of schooling is four to five and a half years. Graduating students defend diploma projects (or papers) and receive the qualification of an engineer (mechanical engineer, electrical engineer, construction engineer, economic engineer, pilot-engineer, navigator-engineer) or radio engineer. Construction engineers are trained by the Kiev institute; economic engineers by the Kiev and Riga institutes; pilotengineers, navigator-engineers, and engineers in air traffic control are trained by the Leningrad school. The Kiev institute has been granted the right to admit applicants for the defense of candidates’ and doctoral dissertations, and the Riga and Leningrad higher educational institutions, candidates’ dissertations.

N. N. ASSOVSKII

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