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English law a statement by which a civil proceeding in a magistrates' court is commenced



in the USSR, the communication of a citizen (or a group of citizens) to a state or public organization in connection with the violation of a right or interest protected by law or in connection with the violation of the rights of a labor collective. According to the disciplinary code of the armed forces of the USSR, a complaint is a personal petition of a member of the armed forces in connection with the violation of his rights. At the same time, a complaint is one of the means of eliminating violations of legislation and a basis for raising the question of the responsibility of persons who have permitted these violations, bureaucratism, or red tape.

Soviet legislation on the procedure for action in a complaint or other communications submitted by citizens to state or social agencies calls for a timely and careful examination of each complaint and a proper resolution for it.

The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of Apr. 12, 1968, On the Procedure for Examining the Proposals, Petitions, and Complaints of Citizens, sets forth the basic regulations for the examination and resolution of complaints. As a rule, a complaint is submitted to the agency or to the official directly supervising the agency (or the official) being the object of the complaint. In instances provided for by law, a complaint may be submitted to the people’s court, for example, a complaint in connection with the unlawful imposition of a fine. It is absolutely forbidden to forward complaints of citizens for consideration to the officials whose actions are appealed. The law requires that in resolving a complaint all necessary measures be taken to consider it in its essence, to assemble all documents and other materials, and to take a well-founded decision and ensure its timely and proper execution. The person who has made the declaration is informed of the decision taken, and, in the event of the dismissal of the complaint, he is notified of the reasons for the refusal.

The law provides for a time limit of up to one month for the consideration of a complaint. The complaints that do not require additional study or verification must be considered without delay or in any case not more than 15 days from the day the complaint is submitted to the competent agency. A shorter time limit is established for the consideration of complaints of members of the armed forces and their families.

Disciplinary responsibility of officials has been established in the event of violations of the procedure provided for by law for the consideration of complaints made by citizens. In instances when considerable damage has been done to state or social interests, when citizens’ rights have been infringed upon, or when the citizen who lodged the complaint has been persecuted, a criminal proceeding may be instituted against officials guilty of these acts.


References in periodicals archive ?
According to the civil complaint, Arnold died in January 1996, but Cody did not report the death, and Social Security and Medicare payments continued flowing to his bank account.
The Complaint package includes a Civil Complaint that is Jurisdictional Specific, and can be tailored to work on a Federal Level.
A civil complaint accuses the cemetery of selling burial plots without enough cemetery space to insure that adjacent graves weren't damaged.
Two executives from Brocade Communications have been indicted on criminal charges for securities fraud for possible manipulation of stock options, and the SEC has filed a civil complaint against the company.
6-million civil complaint in Orange County Superior Court against Yamaha Motor Corporation and two of its dealers for allegedly circumventing air pollution control laws and importing more than 400 motorcycles not certified for sale in California.
A civil complaint filed by the US Attorney's office in Brooklyn claims that American Airlines endangered its passengers and violated air safety regulations in 2003.
Back in November the CPSC hit Firefox, an Idaho-based pyro supply company, with a civil complaint.
Bonner, came in response to a civil complaint lodged the previous month by the Atlanta archdiocese and its head, Archbishop John F.
The court noted that the prisoner had previously filed 180 civil rights or habeas corpus claims, and the purpose of PLRA was to place economic incentives that would prompt prisoners to "stop and think" before filing a civil complaint.
The amended civil complaint, filed here on January 31, was prepared with the company's cooperation.
As for finding Anderson to answer to the civil complaint, McCallion is not optimistic, "We keep trying," he says.
Sun has filed a suit of its own--a civil complaint against former executives of Sun acquisition Retirement Care Associates, accusing them of the illicit transfer of funds into another company.