Clairon

Clairon

 

(stage name of Claire Josèphe Hippolyte Léris de la Tude). Born Jan. 21, 1723, in Condé; died Jan. 29 (31?), 1803, in Paris. French actress.

In 1736, Clairon made her stage debut at the Comédie Italienne in Paris. From 1737 to 1743 she performed in Rouen, Lille, and other cities. In 1743 she joined the Comédie Française and was there until 1766. Her performances in the tragedies of Voltaire—as Electra (Oreste), Idame (The Chinese Orphan), and Amenaïde (Tancrède)—brought her fame.

Following the theatrical theories of Diderot and working under the guidance of Voltaire, Clairon became one of the outstanding actresses of Enlightenment classicism. She opposed the affected manners of the aristocratic theater and presented psychologically individual portrayals. She reformed tragic declamation by refusing to make intonation conform to an arbitrary melodic pattern, and she introduced historical and ethnographic elements into stage costumes. Diderot rated Clairon’s work highly and analyzed her art in “A Paradox About the Actor.”

WORKS

Memories d’Hippolyte Clairon et réflexions sur l’art dramatique. Paris [1798] 1799.

REFERENCES

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 2. Editor in chief, S. S. Mokul’-skii. Moscow, 1957.
Goncourt, E., Mademoiselle Clairon. Paris, 1890.

E. L. FINKEL’SHTEIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Vienna native Angelika Kirchlchlager's Clairon is well sung, but characterless, and Vienna-born bass Kurt Rydl is not the larger-than-life figure Strauss and Hofmannsthal perhaps had in mind for the Stage Director, La Roche, but he brings a wealth of stage experience to this crucial role.
Rolling Artificial four new lip registers (NASA 2 2/3 ~, Octavia 2~ and Tierce 1 3/5 "25% tin, Harmonia aetherea 4 x 2 2/3 ~reconstruction of 70% tin) and 2 new language registers (Basson 16 ~(CH half-length, conical resonators), Clairon 4~, conical resonators) production of 70% tin, intonation, installation of larger pipes hanging frames attached to the smaller pitch pattern set.
A number of items were inside the caravan including a Freesat digital television receiver valued at pounds 170, a silver Clairon DVD player worth pounds 80 and a pounds 200 Phillips LCD TV.
7)inwhichthefirsttwo, Quinsman and Clairon Call, havegoneonandwon.
Reveilles au son du clairon, des groupes de fideles "chavistes" se sont rassembles dans une ambiance festive, surs de la victoire.
Suite a cet assaut, le polisario a sonne le clairon pour mobiliser d'urgence tout ce qu'il compte comme forces de securite et milices, afin de circonscrire cette manifestation d'une rare violence, et qui a constitue un serieux coup de semonce pour les maEtres des camps de Tindouf.
Mench M, Clairon M (1991) Observations preliminaires sur l'evolution de quelques proprietes d'un sol ferrallitique de Guadeloupe (FWD apres un apport de boues urbaines.
Sogitec Contact: Joel Clairon Address: 4, rue Marcel-Monge, Immeuble Nobel, 92158 Suresnes, Cedex, France Tel: +33 1 41 18 57 00 Fax: +33 1 41 18 57 18 e-mail: jclairon@sogitec.
Forte d'une solide experience d'animatrice en Maisons familiales, Colette, du haut de ses soixante-dix- sept ans, use d'une voix forte qui lui valait, a l'epoque ou elle travaillait dans les colonies de vacances, le surnom de << clairon de Merinville >>.
Special accommodation rates have been agreed with nearby hotels The Montenotte Hotel, Quality Hotel and Leisure Centre, Gresham Metropole Hotel, and the Clairon Hotel.
The opera's supporting characters, including the actress Clairon, the stage director La Roche, and the Countess's love-struck brother, amplify and explore this central artistic question.