Clairon

Clairon

 

(stage name of Claire Josèphe Hippolyte Léris de la Tude). Born Jan. 21, 1723, in Condé; died Jan. 29 (31?), 1803, in Paris. French actress.

In 1736, Clairon made her stage debut at the Comédie Italienne in Paris. From 1737 to 1743 she performed in Rouen, Lille, and other cities. In 1743 she joined the Comédie Française and was there until 1766. Her performances in the tragedies of Voltaire—as Electra (Oreste), Idame (The Chinese Orphan), and Amenaïde (Tancrède)—brought her fame.

Following the theatrical theories of Diderot and working under the guidance of Voltaire, Clairon became one of the outstanding actresses of Enlightenment classicism. She opposed the affected manners of the aristocratic theater and presented psychologically individual portrayals. She reformed tragic declamation by refusing to make intonation conform to an arbitrary melodic pattern, and she introduced historical and ethnographic elements into stage costumes. Diderot rated Clairon’s work highly and analyzed her art in “A Paradox About the Actor.”

WORKS

Memories d’Hippolyte Clairon et réflexions sur l’art dramatique. Paris [1798] 1799.

REFERENCES

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 2. Editor in chief, S. S. Mokul’-skii. Moscow, 1957.
Goncourt, E., Mademoiselle Clairon. Paris, 1890.

E. L. FINKEL’SHTEIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Other items include John Crabbie's Cloudy Ginger Beer, Jules Clairon brandy, Lamb's Navy Rum and Sierra tequila.
O, supreme Clairon plein des strideurs etranges, Silence traverses des Mondes et des Anges: --O l'Omega, rayon violet de Ses Yeux
La reception de ce second gros porteur s'est faite, contrairement au 1 er avion, sans fanfare ni clairon.
Likewise, he specifies his role as interpreter of the fervent vocation of the French and Italian peoples: "Je suis une offrande d'amour, / je suis un cri vers l'aurore, / je suis un clairon de rescousse / aux levres de la race elue" (strophe 1).
Rolling Artificial four new lip registers (NASA 2 2/3 ~, Octavia 2~ and Tierce 1 3/5 "25% tin, Harmonia aetherea 4 x 2 2/3 ~reconstruction of 70% tin) and 2 new language registers (Basson 16 ~(CH half-length, conical resonators), Clairon 4~, conical resonators) production of 70% tin, intonation, installation of larger pipes hanging frames attached to the smaller pitch pattern set.
Vienna native Angelika Kirchlchlager's Clairon is well sung, but characterless, and Vienna-born bass Kurt Rydl is not the larger-than-life figure Strauss and Hofmannsthal perhaps had in mind for the Stage Director, La Roche, but he brings a wealth of stage experience to this crucial role.
Suite a cet assaut, le polisario a sonne le clairon pour mobiliser d'urgence tout ce qu'il compte comme forces de securite et milices, afin de circonscrire cette manifestation d'une rare violence, et qui a constitue un serieux coup de semonce pour les maEtres des camps de Tindouf.
Reveilles au son du clairon, des groupes de fideles "chavistes" se sont rassembles dans une ambiance festive, surs de la victoire.
Dupe par les ruses Apaches qui assiegent sa ferme, un colon prend l'imitation d'un clairon de cavalerie pour l'original, et, se croyant sauve, s'expose imprudemment en rendant louange a son Dieu.
7)inwhichthefirsttwo, Quinsman and Clairon Call, havegoneonandwon.
Scott ends, fittingly enough, by quoting at length from Mlle Clairon, who in her old age wrote about her life and stage career and who, in a passage Scott quotes, describes the power of actresses 'to appear to be whatever they want to be' (288).
Beck's particular form of impersonality does not focus on what the poet can become, as Rimbaud might be considered to have done, with his "si le cuivre s'eveille clairon, il n'y a rien de sa faute.