Clarence Thomas


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Thomas, Clarence,

1948–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991–), b. Pin Point (Savannah), Ga. Raised in a poor family, he graduated (1974) from the Yale Law School and became a prominent black conservative active in Republican causes. He chaired the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1982–90) during the Reagan and Bush administrations, and attempted there to modify the application of federal affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 guidelines. In 1990 he was appointed a judge on the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In July, 1991, President George H. W. Bush nominated Thomas to the Supreme Court, to replace Thurgood MarshallMarshall, Thurgood,
1908–93, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1967–91), b. Baltimore. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. in 1933. In 1936 he joined the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
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. In Oct., 1991, when approval was all but assured, the Senate Judiciary Committee reopened confirmation hearings to examine charges by Anita Hill, a Univ. of Oklahoma law professor, that Thomas had subjected her to sexual harassmentsexual harassment,
in law, verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, aimed at a particular person or group of people, especially in the workplace or in academic or other institutional settings, that is actionable, as in tort or under equal-opportunity statutes.
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 while she was an EEOC employee in the 1980s. Testimony and debate on the charges, followed by a nationwide television audience and revealing deep divisions among the public, did not in the end change the committee's recommendation for approval, and Thomas was confirmed by a full Senate vote of 52 to 48. Taking his seat, he aligned himself with Antonin ScaliaScalia, Antonin,
1936–2016, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2016), b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from Harvard Law School (1960) and subsequently taught law at the Univ. of Virginia (1967–71) and the Univ. of Chicago (1977–82).
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, forming the Court's most conservative grouping.

Bibliography

See his memoir (2007).

Thomas, Clarence

(1948–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in Pin Point, Ga. Shaped by his poor-but-proud family and his Catholic schooling, he went on to graduate from Holy Cross College and Yale Law School and to espouse conservative views on the situation of his fellow African-Americans. He worked as assistant secretary of education (1981) and then headed the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1981–89). President Bush appointed him to the federal court of appeals (1990–91) and to the U.S. Supreme Court, where, only after a highly controversial Senate hearing and vote, did he become the second African-American to take a seat (1991).
References in periodicals archive ?
Pence is scheduled to be sworn in by Justice Clarence Thomas during the 58th presidential ceremony.
Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas came to Massachusetts last week, one of the members of his security staff was none other than Leicester student Kevin Monahan.
SUPREME COURT JUSTICE CLARENCE THOMAS made a swing through Florida in February visiting with law students at Stetson University and the University of Florida.
On page 14, Osei Boateng quotes Dele Ogun as saying Clarence Thomas was the first black Supreme Court Judge in American history.
Robert Baxter, John William Mucklow, Alfred Thomas Williams, Herbert Ian Bowen, Percival Ivor Dursley and Kenneth W Clarence Thomas worked at Lafarge plants in Aberthaw and Rhoose in the Vale of Glamorgan, before they joined the military.
He touted, of all people, Clarence Thomas as a GOP vice-presidential candidate.
When he decided not to complete his seminary studies because of his struggles with the Catholic Church and its treatment of the African-American in society, Clarence Thomas went through a period of rebellion against his upbringing.
OBAMA ON CLARENCE THOMAS (The Wall Street Journal, New York)
Supreme Discomfort: The Divided Soul of Clarence Thomas
SUPREME DISCOMFORT: The Divided Soul of Clarence Thomas paints a complex portrait of Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, perhaps the most powerful and misunderstood African-American in public life.
His vitriol has since been echoed by justices such as Clarence Thomas and Antonin Scalia.
Ogletree was on the legal team that surrounded Anita Hill at the Clarence Thomas hearings.

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