clarinet

(redirected from Clarinette)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Clarinette: clarinetist

clarinet,

musical wind instrument of cylindrical bore employing a single reed. The clarinet family comprises all single-reed instruments, including the saxophone. The predecessor of the modern clarinet was the simpler chalumeau, which J. C. Denner of Nuremberg improved (c.1700) into the clarinet. It was accepted into the orchestra during the 18th cent., and Mozart used it extensively. Major improvements of the key system during the 19th cent. employed the principles of Theobald Boehm. The clarinets in B flat and A are the standard orchestral instruments. The higher, shriller E flat clarinet is also a band instrument and is used occasionally in the orchestra. Of the larger clarinets, the B flat bass clarinet is the most important. The E flat alto and the E flat contrabass clarinets are mainly band instruments. Clarinets were once made in other keys, but all of these instruments are now obsolete. The basset-horn, a type of alto clarinet, was much used by Mozart and was revived by Richard Strauss. The clarinet is a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See F. G. Rendall, The Clarinet (3d rev. ed. 1971).

Clarinet

 

a musical instrument of the woodwind family, developed from the reed pipe. The instrument is a tube with a small bell at one end and a beak-shaped mouthpiece at the other, to which a single reed (made from a thin strip of cane) is fixed. The length of the canal is 590–680 mm. The modern clarinet has approximately 20 keys and seven holes equipped with rings. It is made of granadilla or ebony wood or of plastic.

Clarinets are made in different pitches; the most common are the B-flat and A clarinets. It is a transposing instrument (the B-flat clarinet sounds a major second lower than written, while the A clarinet sounds a minor third lower). Its range (in notation) is from E to C’’’’. The clarinet family includes the piccolo clarinet; the alto, or tenor, clarinet (known as the basset horn); the bass clarinet; and the contrabass clarinet.

REFERENCE

Blagodatov, G. Klarnet. Moscow, 1965.

clarinet

Music
a keyed woodwind instrument with a cylindrical bore and a single reed. It is a transposing instrument, most commonly pitched in A or B flat
References in periodicals archive ?
Danses hongroises no 1 et no 5 pour 2 clarinettes en sib.
Night Division, pour sept instruments Mille alto, cor anglais, clarinette, trombone, percussion, piano, et contrebasse).
Premier a apparaitre sur scene le trio italien, represente par Maria Teresa Strappati a la clarinette, Anna Caterina Cornacchini, cantatrice a la voix soprane et Marco Flumeri au piano, qui a interprete une dizaine de pieces dont celles de Giacomo Puccini, Giuseppe Verdi (avec trois extraits de la [beaucoup moins que] Traviata [beaucoup plus grand que]) et Gioachino Rossini, dans des versions rearrangees.
Le banjo et la clarinette [beaucoup moins que]Demokratoz[beaucoup plus grand que], [beaucoup moins que]Dzair[beaucoup plus grand que] [beaucoup moins que]Tarbt[beaucoup plus grand que] semblent mieux refleter l'epoque, ses reves et ses legeretes.
Sonatina lapidaria, pour clarinette en la (ou alto ou saxophone alto) et piano, op.
Avec au commande, Estelle Beiner au violon, Laurent de Ceuninck au violon, Enerjeta Rosselet Habazaj a la flute, Ioan Enache a la contrebasse, Jean Francois Lehmann a la clarinette et au saxophone, Ioulia Medvedeva au piano.
Original text, English translation, and a commentary on Amand Vanderhagen's Methode nouvelle et raisonnee pour la clarinette (1785) and Nouvelle methode de clarinette (1799): a study in eighteenth-century French clarinet music.
Cet artiste, ne a la dexterite sans pareil, que cela soit au saxophone, a la guitare, au banjo, a la clarinette, au violon (kamandja sghira), mandole.
Jardin Zen, pour clarinette en si et sons electroniques.
Accompagne de quatre musiciens talentueux a la clarinette, la guitare, la basse et la batterie, l'artiste, qui voila une dizaine d'annees s'est trace doucement mais surement un sillage dans le monde de la chanson, s'en est donne a coeur joie.
Il n'en fallait pas plus pour inspirer a Nedjim Bouizzoul, auteur compositeur interprete d'origine algerienne, un nouveau bouquet de chansons que nous devoile aujourd'hui [beaucoup moins que]Labess[beaucoup plus grand que], qui compte dans ses rangs Pierre Emmanuel Poizat a la clarinette, Nemo Venba a la trompette, Tacfarinas Kichou et Guillaume Landry aux percussions et Blanche Baillargeon a la basse.
Dix noels de provence, pour ensemble d'instruments a vent (flute, hautbois ou flute ou clarinette en si[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], clarinette en si[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], basson ou violoncelle, ou saxophone en mi[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] et petite percussion).