class formation


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class formation

the organized collectivities within a class structure and the processes by which these emerge.

The distinction between ‘class structure’ and ‘class formation’ can be seen as a basic, if often implicit, distinction in class analysis (Wright, 1985). If class structure can be seen as composed of those factors which establish the broad pattern of CLASS INTERESTS, class opportunities, life chances, etc. within a society, ‘class formation’ refers to the actual collectivities, class action, etc. which are generated on the basis of this structure. In classical Marxism, the relationship between class structure and class formation has sometimes been treated as relatively unproblematic. Neo-Marxist and Weberian approaches, on the other hand, have usually regarded the relationship as one requiring empirical exploration, although it is usually agreed the general conditions likely to be conducive to class formations can be identified, e.g. the conditions for the existence of CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS (see also CLASS CONFLICT, CLASS STRUGGLE).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Zuma project, on the other hand, advanced looting as the basis of accumulation and class formation.
Higher income inequality impedes class formation and poverty reduction.
In this experiment, we used the linear series (LS) training structure to explore the effect of familiar pictorial stimuli on equivalence class formation.
Mironovcites Soviet historians as asserting that "the formation of the proletariat as a class in Marxist terms had been effectively accomplished in late tsarist Russia by the 1880s" (351), acknowledges that "an influential school of social historical research" concludes that class formation was completed in 1917 (352), but notes that "hereditary workers" "even by 1929" did not consist of more than 52 percent of industrial workers (353).
They cover history, dynamics of social stratification and class formation, welfare indexes, the ruling class, middle classes, and working classes.
The aim is that within a single school district ensured a school system with efficienteducational management and good resource management and in relation to student composition and class formation, partly in relation to the pedagogical framework and professional development.
The children from the three local schools who regularly walk in class formation from school to the library will be educationally disadvantaged without being able to use it, as will the local residents and the elderly.
In Part I, "The Making of the Middle Class and the Practices of Modernity," readers encounter essays on class formation and the meaning of modernity in colonial Lucknow and Southern Rhodesia and in post-World-War-II Canada, along with ponderings about class identities in British and American historical narratives.
Published in the series Radical Perspective: A Radical History Review Series, it adopts an avowedly progressive perspective on its themes: middle class formation, identity construction, and historical agency mainly in places beyond the usual western sphere of study.
The focus of the exercise, is inter-alia; to evaluate the various proposals put forward by the class formation study groups of the Army.
His analysis of globalization, in particular as a transnational system that is a qualitatively different stage of global capitalism based in a transnational state and class formation, sets him apart from World Systems scholars.
During testing for equivalence class formation, a novel stimulus, a female occupation, was included among the male occupation stimuli.