Classical Period

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Classical Period


a period in the history of ancient Greek art, embracing the fifth century B.C. and the first three quarters of the fourth century B.C.

The social basis of art in the classical period was a slaveholding democracy that established itself in the majority of the Greek city-states, including Athens. Art of the classical period combined realistic artistic principles with civic aesthetic ideals and democratic tendencies. During the classical period the regular planning of cities was developed; among the founders of this science was the architect Hippodamus. The order system of architecture practiced by Ictinus and Callicrates achieved a high degree of harmony and tectonic balance. Perfect human forms combining spiritual and physical beauty were created by the sculptors Myron, Polyclitus, Phidias, Scopas, and Praxiteles, as well as by Lysippus, whose creative work was also linked with the next historical stage. It is customary to divide the classical period into three subperiods: early classical, with a “severe style,” in the first half of the fifth century B.C.; high classical, in the second half of the fifth century B.C.; and late classical, 400–325 B.C.


Kolpinskii, Iu. Iskusstvo Gretsii epokhi rastsveta. [Moscow] 1937.
Voshchinina, A. I. Antichnoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1962.
Polevoi, V. M. Iskusstvo Gretsii: Drevnii mir. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Synopsis: The most enduring and widely read spiritual work to emerge from Buddhism's classical age in India is surely Shantideva's "Bodhisattva Way of Life".
Other shades are taken from the statues of the classical age of Ancient Greece and Rome, where greys predominate.
The classical age of piracy comes to life in the exhibition Real Pirates: The Untold Story of the Whydah from Slave Ship to Pirate Ship at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science.
Decoworld's latest collection channels the decorative styles of the classical age and contemporary design.
In the French literary canon the seventeenth century has long been called the Classical age.
This book takes us on a journey through the classical age of Arabic poetry, from AD 600 to 1,000.
Consequently, along with remains from the Classical Age in Klazomenai, Limantepe reflects a history of 4000 years.
Practices informing medieval map-paemundi inhere in world maps that reach into the classical age.
After the Classical age, and in other parts of the world (from Asia to Europe), spas became known as a center for healing and peace.
Thanks to the long Peloponnesian war (431-404 BC), a hiatus of a generation intervened between the classical age of Phidias and Polyclitus, from 465, and the appearance of Praxiteles, Scopas and Lysippus.
At a time when warriors ruled and the emperor's court of Kyoto was financially and spiritually broken, the aristocracy looked back to the classical age of the tenth to twelfth centuries to reaffirm their cultural identity.
He was a man ahead of his time, a romantic in a classical age.

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