Classical Period


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Classical Period

 

a period in the history of ancient Greek art, embracing the fifth century B.C. and the first three quarters of the fourth century B.C.

The social basis of art in the classical period was a slaveholding democracy that established itself in the majority of the Greek city-states, including Athens. Art of the classical period combined realistic artistic principles with civic aesthetic ideals and democratic tendencies. During the classical period the regular planning of cities was developed; among the founders of this science was the architect Hippodamus. The order system of architecture practiced by Ictinus and Callicrates achieved a high degree of harmony and tectonic balance. Perfect human forms combining spiritual and physical beauty were created by the sculptors Myron, Polyclitus, Phidias, Scopas, and Praxiteles, as well as by Lysippus, whose creative work was also linked with the next historical stage. It is customary to divide the classical period into three subperiods: early classical, with a “severe style,” in the first half of the fifth century B.C.; high classical, in the second half of the fifth century B.C.; and late classical, 400–325 B.C.

REFERENCES

Kolpinskii, Iu. Iskusstvo Gretsii epokhi rastsveta. [Moscow] 1937.
Voshchinina, A. I. Antichnoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1962.
Polevoi, V. M. Iskusstvo Gretsii: Drevnii mir. Moscow, 1970.
References in classic literature ?
But the gardeners of the classical period, who cultivated the best pear they could procure, never thought what splendid fruit we should eat; though we owe our excellent fruit, in some small degree, to their having naturally chosen and preserved the best varieties they could anywhere find.
Too often, archaeologists of the Classical period restrict themselves to discussions of strictly Classical materials, occasionally noting that Iron Age antecedents or subsequent Late Antique material culture is of potential interest, but engaging with it less frequently than they might.
Building on his work on the classical period, Gutas has made a strong case for why we should take the philosophical speculations and achievements of the post-Avicennan period, the so-called golden age, more seriously, while clearly, and emphatically, distancing himself from the "theosophical" approach to later hikma espoused by Henry Corbin and Seyyed Hossein Nasr.
Athens, the city-state that contributed most to the victory, achieved prominence in the Greek world and was the main focus of Greek culture throughout the Classical period (1).
Specialising in music from the classical period, they will be performing works by Mozart (Trio in C), Schumann (Trio in D minor) and Beethoven (Archduke).
While primarily a collection of commonly taught classical period sonatinas, pianists may enjoy the inclusion of two works not included in other similar anthologies--the Clementi Op.
The Classical period specialists, who take their name from the art technique of contrasting light and dark, chose three pieces which amply demonstrated why they are acclaimed throughout Europe.
AN impressive citadel wall of the Classical period on the plateau of Hadjiabdoulla was unearthed during excavations carried out by the Archaeological Research Unit of the University of Cyprus at Kouklia-Palepaphos in the Paphos region.
The London Haydn Quartet is one of the few quartets which play on gut rather than metal strings, and with bows of the Classical period.
Clarinetist Eric Hoeprich will discuss performance practice in the Classical period and work with student clarinetists in a free public workshop.
As usual, musical of the classical period provides the backbone of Al-Bustan, and in this regard, Beethoven's works will fill the air.
We learn about how during the Classical period, Amphora were painted to tell a story, usually about a specific battle or relating to a Greek myth.