Classical order


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order

An arch of two orders, 3, each having its carved hood molding
Doric order, 2
1. In Classical architecture, an arrangement of a particular style of column together with the entablature (which it supports) and standardized details, including its base and capital. The Greeks developed the Corinthian order, Doric order, and Ionic order; the Romans added the Composite order and Tuscan order. For each order, the height and spacing of the columns is established in terms of a specified number of diameters of the lower part of the columns; the design of the base and capital is also prescribed. The height of the entablatures is determined by the height of the columns.
2. In masonry, one ring of several around an arch.
References in periodicals archive ?
He has obviously been influenced too by the work on Andrea Palladio and Leon Battista Alberti by his former Bath colleague Robert Tavernor, and also by John Onians' seminal book: Bearers of Meaning: The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
It is likely that during the prolonged agonies of soul's struggle to absorb nature, to outlast against tyranny of the upper orders and later even to fight the evil in other men, the body-soul's search for itself was played out in millions of episodes from dramas made up by the folk themselves, underneath the life of the upper hierarchies of the court, the priestcraft and the rich nobles and merchants who could patronise the classical orders of the arts of one kind or another.
At the same time, he refused to be confined by the strictures of a particular kind of contemporary neo-classicism based on Vitruvius which regarded the classical orders not only as forever fixed and immutable but also as carrying a particular moral weight.
We also have the first complete account of his handling of the Classical orders, inspired by the theories of Serlio on the relation of the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders to the different aspects of the male and female characters and roles.