Classical orders

Classical orders

A set of styles developed over the centuries based on Greek and Roman adaptations. The elements of each order consist of a base, column and capital, and an entablature with architrave, frieze and cornice. The most common types are the Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite order.
References in periodicals archive ?
He has obviously been influenced too by the work on Andrea Palladio and Leon Battista Alberti by his former Bath colleague Robert Tavernor, and also by John Onians' seminal book: Bearers of Meaning: The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
It is likely that during the prolonged agonies of soul's struggle to absorb nature, to outlast against tyranny of the upper orders and later even to fight the evil in other men, the body-soul's search for itself was played out in millions of episodes from dramas made up by the folk themselves, underneath the life of the upper hierarchies of the court, the priestcraft and the rich nobles and merchants who could patronise the classical orders of the arts of one kind or another.
At the same time, he refused to be confined by the strictures of a particular kind of contemporary neo-classicism based on Vitruvius which regarded the classical orders not only as forever fixed and immutable but also as carrying a particular moral weight.
We also have the first complete account of his handling of the Classical orders, inspired by the theories of Serlio on the relation of the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders to the different aspects of the male and female characters and roles.
Her "Capitol"--three banks of pig-filled bleachers reflected in ten vanity mirrors etched with columns representing the five classical orders of architecture--nonetheless delivers a remarkably apt picture of the state of affairs in present-day Congress.
Instead he has sought an abstract classicism, one without the classical orders but with a classical sense of restraint and rhythm and balance.
With its circular triple-tiered structure, amphitheatrical appearance, and hierarchical deployment of the three classical orders, the obvious antique model was the Colosseum in Rome.
After a short biography he discusses the theory of spatial composition, proportions and harmonies, classical orders, Palladio's 'Platonism' and, finally and most interestingly, 'Palladianism Today'.
And although Geraghty notes that fecundity of invention is not normally associated with Wren, these drawings and the conceptions recorded here indicate an imagination, a power of assimilation, and an intrepid embrace of the great European architectural preoccupations (the legacy of classical antiquity, the syntactical expressiveness of the classical orders, the central plan, the masonry dome, the intellectual control over detail and whole) that fed the vision of Hawksmoor and Vanbrugh before their own sublimities were frost-bitten by neo-Palladianism.
The rest of the square, when first laid out in the 1730s, was fronted by noblemen's palaces in two grand stories with Classical orders and mansards, though irregularly grouped and with varying plot widths.
The chapter on Boris Godunov shows how the new wave of Italianisms that appeared after his election to the throne in 1598 were a deliberate attempt to unite traditional Muscovite forms with ornamental motifs and other elements from the classical orders.
Sebastiano Serlio's treatise, Tutte l'opere d'architettura (1537-51), marks the development of a new image-based architectural method and the first appearance of the canon of five classical orders (1537).