Clathrate Compounds


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

Clathrate Compounds

 

one of the forms of inclusion compounds. Widely known are the clathrate compounds formed by inert gases (argon, krypton, xenon) and by the components of natural gas mixed with water. Here, the gas molecules penetrate the cavities of the crystal structure composed of H2O molecules. The external appearance of these gas hydrates of methane, ethane, propane, isobutane, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and so forth resembles packed snow. It has proved convenient to store and transport inert gases in the form of their crystalline clathrate compounds. The formation of clathrate compounds, however, impedes the production and transport of natural gas.

References in periodicals archive ?
In a Special Paper entitled, "Clathrate Hydrates of Oxidants in the Ice Shell of Europa," Kevin Hand, Christopher Chyba, Robert Carlson, and John Cooper present the following hypothesis: that the formation of mixed clathrate compounds could make up 12% to 53% of the moon's ice shell and stably trap O2 and other gaseous oxidants within the ice.