Claude Fauchet


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Fauchet, Claude

 

Born Sept. 22, 1744, in Domes; died Oct. 31, 1793, in Paris. Figure in the Great French Revolution.

Before the revolution, Fauchet was vicar to the archbishop of Bourges. He took part in the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, and in 1789 and 1790 he was a member of the Paris Commune. In 1789 he helped found the Social Circle, which lasted until 1791, and in 1790, the World Federation of Friends of the Truth. During 1790 and 1791 he preached the revolutionary ideas of egalitarianism in La Bouche de fer, a newspaper that he published with N. de Bonneville.

In 1791, Fauchet assumed the post of constitutional bishop of Calvados. In his sermons he advanced radical social demands, including his ideal view of social brotherhood, based on the theory of natural law and the ideas of Christianity. Elected to the Legislative Assembly and then to the Constitutional Convention, Fauchet formed ties with the Girondins. He voted against the execution of Louis XVI and attacked the Jacobins in print.

Fauchet was implicated in the murder of Marat by Charlotte Corday. Although he took no direct part in the assassination, the Revolutionary Tribunal sent him to the guillotine.

References in periodicals archive ?
Scholars like Etienne Pasquier (1529-1615), Bernard de Girard Sieur Du Haillan (1535-1610), Claude Fauchet (1530-1602).
On the other hand, in the treatise of Claude Fauchet the negative role of the Visigoths and the conflict between them and the Franks was downplayed.
Ironically, while their memory was being increasingly erased from the official mythology of the Bastille, it was left to priests, albeit pro-revolutionary ones such as the intriguing Claude Fauchet, to reinvest their legacy with meaning by inscribing their actions in the unfolding of a providential plan.
291)--whether that "present" be the thirteenth century when scribes first attempted to translate the songs from the aural environment in which they originated to written form and created legends about the poet-composers with little basis in fact, the sixteenth century when Jean de Nostredame and Claude Fauchet produced histories and anthologies (but ignored the music), the eighteenth century when bibliophiles began cataloguing and comparing the medieval manuscripts, the nineteenth century whose scientific methods and philosophical attitudes gave the repertoires more precise shape than the medieval documents themselves actually revealed, or the twentieth century with its shifting interpretations, ontologies, and methodologies.
Pierre Minivielle: Study for Le dernier banquet des Girodins, 1850 (recto) Claude Fauchet (verso).
The development of socialism among the Parisian working class is seen as furthered by the enrages, and without wanting to go too far, Rose also reveals the often neglected role of Claude Fauchet as an inspirer of left-wing social Catholicism.
His circle of learned friends, including Claude Fauchet, Pierre Pithou, and Jacques-Auguste de Thou, lent him manuscripts or placed their libraries at his disposal.
From a line in the epilogue to her fables, Claude Fauchet (1581) drew the name by which she has since been known.