Claude Lorrain


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Lorrain, Claude:

see Claude LorrainClaude Lorrain
, whose original name was Claude Gelée or Gellée
, 1600–1682, French painter, b. Lorraine. Claude was the foremost landscape painter of his time.
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.

Claude Lorrain

(klōd lôrăN`), whose original name was

Claude Gelée or Gellée

(zhəlā`), 1600–1682, French painter, b. Lorraine. Claude was the foremost landscape painter of his time. In Rome at about 12 years of age he was employed as a pastry cook for the landscape painter Augustino Tassi, whose apprentice he soon became. He traveled in Italy and France, and returned to settle permanently in Rome by 1627. Under the patronage of Pope Urban VIII he rapidly rose to fame. His poetic treatment of landscape raised this subject matter to eminence alongside the more esteemed religious and historical genres. Claude's paintings became so popular and widely imitated that, in order to avoid forgeries, he began to record his compositions in a notebook of drawings (Duke of Devonshire Coll., Chatsworth). Engravings of them were later made and published as the Liber veritatis (1777). His early works reflect the late mannerist style of Tassi and that of the northerners Brill and Elsheimer. Although he began by using the traditional device of compartmentalized stages—foreground, middleground, and background—in his later landscapes he opened up unlimited vistas, introducing lyrical variations of light and atmosphere. In his later works light was the primary subject. It dissolved forms, drawing the eye into vast panoramas of land and sea. Claude's harbor scenes and views of the Roman countryside exercised a lasting influence on the art of landscape painting. Poussin was indebted to him, as was Richard Wilson, and he was consciously emulated two centuries later by J. M. W. TurnerTurner, Joseph Mallord William,
1775–1851, English landscape painter, b. London. Turner was the foremost English romantic painter and the most original of English landscape artists; in watercolor he is unsurpassed.
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. Claude's work is best represented in England. It can be seen in the National Gallery, London; the Doria Palace, Rome; the Louvre; the Prado; and in many American collections, including the museums of New York City, Boston, Kansas City, St. Louis, and San Francisco.

Bibliography

See L. Mannocci, The Etchings of Claude Lorrain (1988); biography by S. Daniel (1986).

Claude Lorrain

real name Claude Gelée. 1600--82, French painter, esp of idealized landscapes, noted for his subtle depiction of light
References in periodicals archive ?
Also featured is work by famous artists such as Peter Lely, Peter Paul Rubens and Claude Lorrain, as well as Guercino's masterpiece Erminia and the Shepherd.
The archetype of the former was, no doubt, Claude Lorrain.
Representing a wide range of artistic schools, the selection includes works by famous artists--such as Vittore Carpaccio, Raffaello Sanzi (known as Raphael), Andrea del Sarto, Francesco Mazzola (known as Parmigianino), Rembrandt van Rijn, Giovanni Antonio Canal (known as Canaletto), Claude Lorrain, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean-Baptiste Simeon Chardin, Francois Boucher, Jean-Honore Fragonard, Francisco Jose de Goya, Theodore Gericault, Eugene Delacroix, Edouard Manet, Edward Burne-Jones, James Whistler, Edgar Degas, Paul Cezanne, Odilon Redon, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, and Georges Seurat--as well as superb and poignant drawings by lesser-known artists.
Las diferentes fases de los fuegos artificiales estan documentadas en una serie de trece aguafuertes del pintor frances Claude Lorrain (43) [il.
For the British, an ideal landscape had been that of Italy as depicted by such painters as Claude Lorrain (1600-82) and Salvator Rosa (1615-73), (10) but Gilpin helped the British to realise that the scenery in Britain could also be seen as picturesque.
Landscape drawings by Carracci and Claude Lorrain show the more personal direct responses to the landscape as opposed to landscape paintings.
Champion trainer Paul Nicholls has engaged last Sunday's Kempton chase winner Hoo La Baloo in the Prix Claude Lorrain and My Will in the Grade 1 Prix La Haye Jousselin next Sunday.
Two paintings, a century apart, stand out and justify, on their own, a visit: a glorious (and gloriously preserved) View of Tivoli by Claude Lorrain and the equally pristine Toilet of Psyche by Charles Joseph Natoire.
Whereas Winckelmann's Gedanken uber die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke (1755) and Moritz's Uber die bildende Nachahmung des Schonen (1788) had urged the artist to imitate the ancient Greeks and nature respectively, for Goethe there was no contradiction between these two positions; the poem 'Amor als Landschaftsmaler', written in Rome in February i788, offers ah outstanding example of Goethe's sophisticated fusion of the classical topoi of Greek and Roman antiquity, the Arcadian idealizing of Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin, and the Anacreonticirony that links the earlier work of his Leipzig years with the elegies and epigrams he wrote some two decades later.
Benes also has a fascinating, though not quite conclusive piece on the psychogeography of the seventeenth-century Roman campagne and possible affects on that by popular depictions of it by Claude Lorrain.
O'Rourke also discusses the urn's silence, the speaker's questioning, the mawkishness of the "happy, happy" lines of stanza 3 (O'Rourke's is the best explanation I have seen of this passage; he calls it really bad poetry and argues that Keats made it so on purpose), and the various works of art--by Titian, Raphael, Claude Lorrain, and others--that lie behind images of the poem.
Grazing" readers who believe that Catherine de'Medici popularized artichoke hearts in France or that Claude Lorrain invented flaky pastry dough before becoming a painter (p.