Claude Lorraine


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Claude Lorraine

 

(also Claude Lorrain; real name Claude Gellée). Born in 1600 in Chamagne, near Mirecourt, in Lorraine; died Nov. 23, 1682, in Rome. French painter.

Beginning in 1613 (?), Claude trained under A. Tassi in Rome, where he settled permanently in 1627. He was influenced by P. Bril, A. Elsheimer, and Annibale Carracci. Claude created his own ideal classical landscape, in which spatial unity is achieved through a subtle command of light and atmosphere. He was particularly interested in the effects of the diffused light of morning or evening hidden in a golden mist. This interest is particularly evident in The Sailing of St. Ursula (1646, National Gallery, London) and The Banishment of Hagar (1668, Old Pinakothek, Munich). Biblical, mythological, and pastoral subjects in Claude’s works are invariably subordinated to a general dreamy and elegiac mood, and the figures are purely incidental (for example, the landscape series Morning, Noon, Evening, and Night; 1651-72, Hermitage, Leningrad). His drawings from nature (pen, bister, and india ink) reflect a fresh approach to the various states of nature. Claude’s etchings reveal great technical skill in the rendering of variations of light and shade.

REFERENCES

Friedlander, W. Claude Lorrain. Berlin, 1921.
Röthlisberger, M., Claude Lorrain: The Paintings, vols. 1-2. London, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
The book consists of five separate pieces on art and artists: the first concerns Joseph Roulin, a poor postman painted by Vincent van Gogh; the second considers Goya's rise to fame from humble beginnings; the third gives us the death of Watteau; the fourth reconstructs the life of Lorentino, an almost unknown quattrocento painter, from a few lines in Vasari; and the fifth shows us Claude Lorraine as he chooses an illiterate swineherd to be his apprentice.
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There are poems on the still life that lends its title to the collection, and which Jouet kept on his desk during those years, composed of a turnip, a linen napkin, and a Claude Lorraine glass (an optical instrument developed in the eighteenth century and used by landscape painters).
To much giggles and excitement from the children, the actors play out the story of how Claude Lorraine started landscape painting.
In Rome, an important painting, a classical landscape by an artist called Claude Lorraine, is stolen.
But she said she did not believe his success nullified the work of other artists, such as 17th French landscape painter Claude Lorraine.