Clement IV


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Clement IV,

d. 1268, pope (1265–68), a Frenchman named Guy le gros Foulques; successor of Urban IV. He was a lay adviser of King Louis IX of France, but after his wife's death he entered the church. As pope he continued the struggle against the HohenstaufenHohenstaufen
, German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick. In 1079, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and was created duke of Swabia.
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 by confirming the agreement with Charles ICharles I
(Charles of Anjou), 1227–85, king of Naples and Sicily (1266–85), count of Anjou and Provence, youngest brother of King Louis IX of France. He took part in Louis's crusades to Egypt (1248) and Tunisia (1270).
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 (Charles of Anjou) that gave Charles the crown of Naples, by raising an army for him, and by investing him with the kingdom. When ConradinConradin
, 1252–68, duke of Swabia, titular king of Jerusalem and Sicily, the last legitimate Hohenstaufen, son of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad IV. While Conradin was still a child in Germany, his uncle Manfred made himself (1258) king of Sicily.
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 attacked Charles, Clement had a crusade preached against him. He was a strong opponent of nepotism, and he was the patron of Roger BaconBacon, Roger,
c.1214–1294?, English scholastic philosopher and scientist, a Franciscan. He studied at Oxford as well as at the Univ. of Paris and became one of the most celebrated and zealous teachers at Oxford.
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. He was succeeded by Gregory X.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1268, cardinals gathered in the village of Viterbo in central Italy to select a successor to Pope Clement IV who had just died.
But Pope Clement IV and Pope Felix V were both married with children while they ruled in the Vatican long after the celibacy rule had been introduced.
The history of the Jesuit missions is told as "a partnership or dialogue between peoples, and artistic expression made possible by the fusion of their traditions" (181), yet the Jesuits eventually became the object of criticism in every Catholic state: expelled from Portugal and its colonies in 1759, suppressed in France in 1764, recalled from all Spanish dominions in 1767, Clement IV dissolved the Order in 1773.
Addressed to Pope Clement IV, it was an urgent appeal to set right time itself.
Urban IV was in residence 1262-64; Clement IV in 1266; Gregory X in 1272 and 1273; Martin IV from 1281-84; Nicholas IV, 1290 and 1291; Boniface VIII, 1297.