Clément Marot

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Marot, Clément

 

Born 1496, in Cahors; died Sept. 10, 1544, in Turin. French poet. Son of the poet-rhetorician J. Marot.

Along with F. Rabelais, Marot was the most important figure of the early Renaissance in France. He gained success as a court poet, at first (from 1518) in the service of Marguerite d’Angouleme (Margaret of Navarre), and later of Francis I (from 1526). Marot’s court verses are unusually light and elegant for their time. His sympathy with the Reformation led to his persecution by the Catholic Church. At the same time, the poet’s life-affirming humanism went beyond the limits of Protestant ideology.

Marot’s Epistles, highly diverse in their genre nuances, occupy a central place in his legacy. He was an outstanding satirist who strongly condemned the reactionary camp, for example, in his narrative poem Hell (1526) and in his satirical epistles. He drew heavily upon popular literary tradition, from the song (in his love lyrics) to the fabliau, farce, and sotie. Marot combined the poetic traditions of the past (including F. Villon) with the latest achievements of humanistic culture. During his sojourn in Italy from 1534 to 1536, Marot became interested in Italian Petrarchism and classical literature. In the mid-1530’s, patriotic and civic motifs became more pronounced in his creative work, and a search for larger forms, to a certain extent anticipating the future achievements of the Pleiade, became evident.

Marot’s translations of the Psalms, on which he began work in the 1530’s, played an important role in the ensuing flowering of the French ode. M. Regnier, V. Voiture, J. de La Fontaine, and Voltaire were influenced by Marot, whose writings contain many signs of the emerging French national character.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1-5. Edited by C. A. Mayer. London, 1958-70.
In Russian translation:
Bliumenfel’d, V. M. Poety frantsuzskogo Vozrozhdeniia. Leningrad, 1938.
Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Shishmarev, V. F. Kleman Maro. Petrograd, 1915.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 225-32.
Plattard, J. Cl. Marot. Paris, 1938.
Vianey, J. Les Epitres de Marot. Paris, 1962.
Smith, P. M. C. Marot: Poet of the French Renaissance. London, 1970.
Mayer, C. A. Bibliographic des oeuvres de Cl. Marot, vols. 1-2. Geneva, 1954.

IU. B. VIPPER

References in periodicals archive ?
Clement Marot et les metamorphoses de l'auteur a l'aube de la Renaissance.
Essa distincao foi proposta desde a primeira metade do seculo XVI pelo principal editor antigo de Francois Villon--o poeta lirico cortes Clement Marot.
In the first section, Bernd Renner returns to the question of poetic identity in Clement Marot (and to the well-known Maro/Marot pun, as well), also recently discussed by Florien Preisig and Gerard Defaux; Margaret Harp contributes a good piece, focused on one author, Jacques Yver (it might have been good to have more on Virgil reception during the Wars of Religion in the volume).
Amsterdam, 1789), IV: 168; "The Early French Poets," London Magazine 4 (December 1821): 587-593; Oeuvres completes de Clement Marot (Paris, 1824).
Sixteenth century poet Clement Marot penned these lovely poems that appealed to Ravel's love of classical order.
De las dos traducciones analizadas, Clement Marot y Theodore de Beze (s.
Francois Rigolot has shown how Clement Marot claimed a poetic liberty in his defensive poetry: the right to "tout lire," but also to "elire"--to decide what to accept and what to reject from this comprehensive reading.
In twelve substantial chapters, Kennedy meticulously follows the threads of these issues from the Italian commentators' elaborations of Petrarch's political identities, to the rival deployments of the commentaries' versions of the political Petrarch in the lyrics and vernacular programs of Du Bellay, Ronsard, and Clement Marot, to Philip Sidney's incorporation of a qualified "Italianate" Petrarchan model into his Anglican Defence of Poetry and Astrophil and Stella, to Mary Wroth's redemption of her uncle's problematic Petrarchism in her own Pamphilia to Amphilanthus.
In 1539 Clement Marot, then the most prestigious of the court poets, published a translation of Six sonnetz de Petrarque sur la mort de sa Dame Laure (Six sonnets by Petrarch on the Death of His Lady Laura); Jacques Peletier followed in 1547, including in his Oeuvres Poetiques fifteen sonnets including twelve translated from Petrarch.
The word 'restaurant' was first used in the early sixteenth century by Clement Marot to refer to a group of fortifying meat broths.
Henri-Jean Martin gives us a work in progress concerning Francois Juste, the Lyon printer and type-founder of the Renaissance, and publisher of Francois Rabelais and Clement Marot.
In these central chapters Freedman considers topics such as the tradition of courtly love, which could readily be shifted into a spiritual dimension, and the poetry of Clement Marot and Pierre de Ronsard, each of which presented different challenges to the revisers.