Clement VI

Clement VI,

1291–1352, pope (1342–52), a Frenchman named Pierre Roger; successor of Benedict XII. His court was at Avignon. He had been archbishop of Sens, archbishop of Rouen, and cardinal (1338). During his pontificate there was a major outbreak of the plagueplague,
any contagious, malignant, epidemic disease, in particular the bubonic plague and the black plague (or Black Death), both forms of the same infection. These acute febrile diseases are caused by Yersinia pestis (Pasteurella pestis
..... Click the link for more information.
 known as the Black Death (1348–50); Clement did what he could for sufferers. He tried to stem the wave of anti-Semitism brought on by the plague, and he did much to protect the Jews. In Roman affairs Clement at first favored Cola di RienziRienzi or Rienzo, Cola di
, 1313?–1354, Roman popular leader. In 1343 on a mission to Pope Clement VI at Avignon, he won the papal confidence. While there he befriended Petrarch.
..... Click the link for more information.
, then helped to defeat him. He had a quarrel with Holy Roman Emperor Louis IVLouis IV
or Louis the Bavarian,
1287?–1347, Holy Roman emperor (1328–47) and German king (1314–47), duke of Upper Bavaria. After the death of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII the Luxemburg party among the electors set aside Henry's son, John of Luxemburg,
..... Click the link for more information.
 over the annulment of Margaret Maultasch's marriage; the struggle was aggravated by enmity between the pope and the German archbishops, caused by the elevation of Prague into an archbishopric, detaching it from Mainz. The years before the onset of the Black Death were the heyday of papal AvignonAvignon
, city (1990 pop. 86,440), capital of Vaucluse dept., SE France, on the Rhône River. It is a farm market with a wine trade and a great variety of manufactures.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which Clement purchased (1348) from Joanna IJoanna I,
1326–82, queen of Naples (1343–81), countess of Provence. She was the granddaughter of King Robert of Naples, whom she succeeded with her husband, Andrew of Hungary.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Clement spent extravagantly, had an elegant court, patronized the arts, and vastly favored his relatives. He was completely pro-French. He was succeeded by Innocent VI.
References in periodicals archive ?
But for Voltaire the miscreant is Clement VI (1342-52), not Louis of Bavaria.
Although most popes in the Essai are portrayed as devious power-seekers who want only to expand the Papal States and their wider temporal powers over secular princes everywhere, Pope Clement VI effectively set up the crowning of Charles IV by having Louis of Bavaria (d.
His brothers promoted him within the Florentine house; as lector he probably taught at the stadium; he became Provincial of Tuscany; Finally Clement VI named him Bishop of Fiesole (1349).
Over the years its guests have included a succession of illustrious names, going back to Pope Clement VI in the 14th Century.
Raphael lives a fun and entertaining life as a young court jester for the French court of Pope Clement VI.
Clement VI was buried in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame-des-Doms, but was reburried at the Abbey of La Chaise-Dieu, where his body fell victim to the Huguenots who burned his remains in 1562.
The first was begun in 1334 by Pope Benedict XII, the second by his successor Clement VI in 1342.
In the 1340s, the pope, Clement VI, was seated in the French city of Avignon instead of Rome, and Rome had fallen hard from its previous glory.
This revived myth of Rome--the real revolution of Cola di Rienzo--challenged the very legitimacy of the Avignon papacy and forced Clement VI to topple Rienzo in 1347 and then Albornoz to have him slain in 1354.
Clement VI, Innocent VI, Albornoz, and Martin V might all accept an evolving communal governance in Rome while their rule remained theoretical and weak.
By 1343 Pope Clement VI changed the interval to 50 years.
According to their research, the Hamilton Bible was copied in the mid-fourteenth century in Naples by Giovanni di Ravenna, decorated with miniatures by either Cristoforo Orminina da Napoli or Matteo di Planisio, and belonged to the family of Pierre Roger de Beaufort, who became Clement VI (1342-52).