Clement VI

Clement VI,

1291–1352, pope (1342–52), a Frenchman named Pierre Roger; successor of Benedict XII. His court was at Avignon. He had been archbishop of Sens, archbishop of Rouen, and cardinal (1338). During his pontificate there was a major outbreak of the plagueplague,
any contagious, malignant, epidemic disease, in particular the bubonic plague and the black plague (or Black Death), both forms of the same infection. These acute febrile diseases are caused by Yersinia pestis (Pasteurella pestis
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 known as the Black Death (1348–50); Clement did what he could for sufferers. He tried to stem the wave of anti-Semitism brought on by the plague, and he did much to protect the Jews. In Roman affairs Clement at first favored Cola di RienziRienzi or Rienzo, Cola di
, 1313?–1354, Roman popular leader. In 1343 on a mission to Pope Clement VI at Avignon, he won the papal confidence. While there he befriended Petrarch.
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, then helped to defeat him. He had a quarrel with Holy Roman Emperor Louis IVLouis IV
or Louis the Bavarian,
1287?–1347, Holy Roman emperor (1328–47) and German king (1314–47), duke of Upper Bavaria. After the death of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII the Luxemburg party among the electors set aside Henry's son, John of Luxemburg,
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 over the annulment of Margaret Maultasch's marriage; the struggle was aggravated by enmity between the pope and the German archbishops, caused by the elevation of Prague into an archbishopric, detaching it from Mainz. The years before the onset of the Black Death were the heyday of papal AvignonAvignon
, city (1990 pop. 86,440), capital of Vaucluse dept., SE France, on the Rhône River. It is a farm market with a wine trade and a great variety of manufactures.
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, which Clement purchased (1348) from Joanna IJoanna I,
1326–82, queen of Naples (1343–81), countess of Provence. She was the granddaughter of King Robert of Naples, whom she succeeded with her husband, Andrew of Hungary.
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. Clement spent extravagantly, had an elegant court, patronized the arts, and vastly favored his relatives. He was completely pro-French. He was succeeded by Innocent VI.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this section a misprint also slipped in, the pope who died in 1394 was not Clement VI but Clement VII (43).
But for Voltaire the miscreant is Clement VI (1342-52), not Louis of Bavaria.
A year later the monks of Tickford accepted the inevitable and followed suit, whilst Pope Clement VI confirmed "the appropriation of the church of Yerdele to the prior and convent of Maxstoke".
His brothers promoted him within the Florentine house; as lector he probably taught at the stadium; he became Provincial of Tuscany; Finally Clement VI named him Bishop of Fiesole (1349).
Over the years its guests have included a succession of illustrious names, going back to Pope Clement VI in the 14th Century.
Raphael lives a fun and entertaining life as a young court jester for the French court of Pope Clement VI.
Clement VI was buried in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame-des-Doms, but was reburried at the Abbey of La Chaise-Dieu, where his body fell victim to the Huguenots who burned his remains in 1562.
Its floor space, equivalent to four Gothic cathedrals, was completed in less than twenty years under the leadership of two builder popes, Benedict XII and his successor Clement VI.
The nobles, led by the Colonnas and the Orsinis, were having none of it and Pope Clement VI issued a bull from Avignon denouncing Cola as a pagan, a heretic and a criminal.
The first was begun in 1334 by Pope Benedict XII, the second by his successor Clement VI in 1342.
In any case, unlike most of his contemporaries, he did riot obtain his bishopric through a protracted administrative career in the royal government of Edward III but rather through the preferment of Pope Clement VI.