Clement VIII

Clement VIII,

1536–1605, pope (1592–1605), a Florentine named Ippolito Aldobrandini; successor of Innocent IX. He reversed the policy of his predecessors by allying the Holy See with France rather than with Spain, which had assumed a dictatorial attitude over the papacy. Clement absolved Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
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 of France after his abjuration of Protestantism, and the two rulers were thereafter on most friendly terms. Clement was distinguished for his piety, and he labored for the improvement of the clergy and of the charitable institutions of Rome. His confessors were St. Philip NeriPhilip Neri, Saint
, 1515–95, Italian reformer. His original name was Filippo Romolo de' Neri. From boyhood he was religious, and in 1533 he went to Rome to study.
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 and BaroniusBaronius, Caesar
, 1538–1607, Italian ecclesiastical historian, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He went to Rome c.1557 and soon came under the tutelage of St. Philip Neri.
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, whom he created cardinal. He was succeeded by Leo XI.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cathedral is the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila, which began as a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Mexico until 1595, when Pope Clement VIII created the Archdiocese of Manila.
Rome 1600: The City and the Visual Arts under Clement VIII.
Five popes reigned within two years (from 1590-1592): Sixtus V (1585-1590), Urban VII (1590-12 days), Gregory XIV (1590-1591-314 days), Innocent IX (1591-62 days), Clement VIII (1592-1605).
The icon, painted in Rome in 1598, was given by Pope Clement VIII to a Catholic traveler from Minsk.
Clement VIII, Jan 1592-Mar 1605: Confined to bed by gout during his later years.
Pope Clement VIII alleviated fears that coffee was a tool of the devil to corrupt unsuspecting souls by sampling a cup of the questionable liquid himself.
Famous in his own time, and knighted by the Aldobrandini Pope Clement VIII as Cavaliere d'Arpino for his decorative work in St Peter's and the Lateran Baptistry, his brightness has been dimmed by the fame of the contemporaneous Bolognese School and that of Caravaggio, who was for a while his assistant, and to the end esteemed Cesari, taking hints from Cesari's Betrayal of Christ for his own version now in the Dublin National Gallery.
After investigating this witch-hunt, Pope Clement VIII released the accused witches, who had been named by two demoniacs, and prosecuted the local bishop for torturing subjects without sufficient evidence and for failing to appeal the case to Rome.
It is the three earliest articles of those printed here, concerning the revival of French influence at the papal court, deliberately pursued by Henri IV (1965), the unsuccessful attempts by the French nuncios to influence the fortunes of Catholics in England at the beginning of the seventeenth century (1967), and an examination of the policy of Clement VIII toward Ferrara and the excommunication of Cesare d'Este in late 1597 (1962), which deal with rather broader historical issues, and for which sources other than papal documents have been used.
His 17 predecessors, from Clement VIII (1592-1605) to Paul VI (1963-78), have put a combined total of only 296 people into the canonized Hall of Fame.