Clement XIV


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Clement XIV,

1705–74, pope (1769–74), an Italian (b. near Rimini) named Lorenzo Ganganelli; successor of Clement XIII. He was prominent for many years in pontifical affairs at Rome, and he was created cardinal in 1759. He was a Conventual Franciscan. He inherited from his predecessor the hostility of every state of Catholic Europe. Clement XIV's part in the suppression of the Jesuits (see Jesus, Society ofJesus, Society of,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. Its members are called Jesuits. St. Ignatius of Loyola, its founder, named it Compañia de Jesús [Span.,=(military) company of Jesus]; in Latin it is Societas Jesu (abbr. S.J.).
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) has been greatly discussed; he was probably pressured into it. The suppression removed the pope's only independent support and put the church into the hands of the secular princes. He was succeeded by Pius VI.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pope Paul VI has cracked down harder on the Jesuits than any pope since Clement XIV temporarily disbanded them in 1733.
The 18th-century Pope Clement XIV 6 who suppressed the Jesuit order that the new pontiff belongs to 6 suffered from drooling and bulging eyes before his death in 1774.
This tradition, only briefly interrupted by Clement XIV (1769-1774), was considered binding at least until 1900, when the Holy Office stated that ritual assassination was "historically certain" (7).
In focusing on the eighteenth century, and on what prepared the way for the 1773 suppression of the Jesuits by Clement XIV, several essays go well beyond topics treated in the first conference and volume.
However, in 1773 it was abolished by Pope Clement XIV in deference to the revolutionary and anti-clerical mood in Europe.
In 1775, two years after the dissolution of the Society of Jesus by Pope Clement XIV, Empress Maria Teresa was asked to approve the founding of a scientific Academy in Vienna.