Clementi, Muzio


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Clementi, Muzio

(mo͞o`tsēō klāmĕn`tē), 1752–1832, Italian composer, pianist, and conductor, b. Rome. He wrote more than 100 keyboard sonatas, which set the definitive form, and he had an enormous influence on almost everything concerning the piano. Educated in Italy, he went (1766) to England to live and study. In 1773 he caused a sensation in London as a pianist and conductor; there he conducted the Italian Opera from 1777 to 1780. In 1780 he went on a concert tour of Europe, which climaxed in a piano contest with Mozart. He returned to London in 1782 and, except for tours on the Continent (1802, 1810, 1820–21), spent the rest of his life there. Clementi amassed a fortune as performer, conductor, and proprietor of a piano factory and publishing house. Teacher of many musicians, including the pianists J. B. Cramer and John Field and the composer Meyerbeer, he is especially remembered for his series of études, Gradus ad Parnassum (1817); he also wrote several symphonies.

Bibliography

See catalog by A. Tyson (1967).

Clementi, Muzio

 

Born Jan. 23, 1752, in Rome; died Mar. 10, 1832, in Evesham, England. Pianist, teacher, composer, and conductor. Italian by nationality.

Clementi lived in England from 1766. He was a famous virtuoso pianist and teacher (his pupils included J. Cramer, I. Moscheles, and J. Field) and led the London school of piano technique. He spent many years in the early 19th century on the Continent (including Russia in 1802 and 1804–05). His piano works are his most valuable contribution to music. Clementi was one of the creators of the classical sonata form for piano. His études (the collection Gradus ad Parnassum) are still part of the contemporary pedagogic repertoire. Clementi synthesized his experience and knowledge as a performer and teacher in Method for the Piano (published in 1801; Russian translation, dementi’s Easy Method for Learning to Play the Piano, c. 1818). He owned several music publishing firms and a piano factory.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, F. “Mutsio Klementi i russkaia narodnaia pesnia.” Sovetskaia Muzyka, 1961, no. 1.
Paribeni, G. P. Muzio Clementi nella vita e nell’arte. Milan, 1921.

M. M. IAKOVLEV

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