Cleopatra VII


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Related to Cleopatra VII: Hatshepsut, Nefertiti

Cleopatra VII

 

Born 69 B.C. in Alexandria; died there 30 B.C. Last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes; sister and wife of Ptolemy XIII, with whom she was, beginning in 51 B.C., coruler and with whom she engaged in a power struggle.

Cleopatra VII was exiled to Syria in 48 B.C.; however, in 47, after the Alexandrine War, she returned to Egypt through the help of Julius Caesar, who had been enthralled by the intelligent and educated queen and who fathered her son Caesarion. After 41 B.C. she was the ally and mistress of Mark Antony, who in 37 married her in spite of Roman custom; she supported him in his struggle with Octavian (Augustus). After the defeat at Actium in 31 and the invasion of Egypt by Octavian’s army, Antony and then Cleopatra committed suicide. Legend has it that she was brought a poisonous snake whose bite was held by the Egyptians to confer immortality. Cleopatra has figured prominently in literature ( Shakespeare, Shaw) and art (G. Tiepolo, P. Rubens).

REFERENCE

Franzero, C. M. The Life and Times of Cleopatra. London [1957].

I. S. KATSNEL’SON

References in periodicals archive ?
After the suicide of Cleopatra VII and the Roman annexation of Egypt in 30 BC, Octavian issued a series of coins commemorating his victory.
Although Roller and Reynolds both argue that no effective control of Cyrenaica by Egypt resulted, (27) numismatic evidence offers a different perspective on the situation: (28) a bronze coin issued in 31 BC with the legends ANT[OMEGA] | Y[PI]A | [GAMMA] and BA[SIGMA]I[LAMBDA] | [THETA]EA | NE, indicates that at that time, Cyrenaica was being jointly governed by Rome and Egypt in the name of Antonius and Cleopatra VII rather than their daughter.
Recent investigations have suggested that Cleopatra VII may have
this particular satire with Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
The EHCA also claims to have discovered the underwater ruins of the royal quarter of Cleopatra VII and the Portus Magnus, the main harbour used by the Ptolemaics who ruled Egypt from 304 BC to 30 BC.
But I very much suspect the French-Egyptian team have since had the opportunity to collect sufficient evidence to ensure the ruins they are talking about are actually the royal quarter of Cleopatra VII," Noureddin added.
Cleopatra VII was the last queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty, ruling as co-regent with her son, Ptolemy XV.
In fact, the Edfu list and Dendera lists D VI and D VII have already often been dated to the same period, namely to Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra VII (pp.
PHILADELPHIA, June 2 /PRNewswire/ -- The world of Cleopatra VII, which has been lost to the sea and sand for nearly 2,000 years, will surface on June 5 when "Cleopatra: The Search for the Last Queen of Egypt" opens its doors to the world for the first time at The Franklin Institute in Philadelphia (through January 2, 2011).
More than 2,000 years since Antony and Cleopatra walked the earth, a team of Greek marine archaeologists conducting underwater excavations off the coast of Alexandria in Egypt, have unearthed a giant granite threshold to a door that they believe was once the entrance to a magnificent mausoleum that Cleopatra VII, queen of the Egyptians, had built for herself shortly before her death.
The observations made about Pelusium from the time of the Alexandrian War until the death of Cleopatra VII are particularly apposite in this regard, given current interest in the queen and her reign, brought into sharper focus by a recent exhibition.
10) Gold and silver jewelry, and 11) Cleopatra VII (partly devoted to trying to reconstruct her tomb) conclude the book.