Clermont-Ferrand

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Clermont-Ferrand

(klĕrmôN`-fĕräN`), city (1990 pop. 140,167), capital of Puy-de-Dôme dept., central France, in Auvergne, on the Tiretaine River. One of the population and industrial centers of the Massif Central, it is home of the Michelin and other tire factories, and of important metallurgical works. The capital of the former province of Auvergne, it was formed in 1731 by the merger of Clermont and Montferrand. Clermont was built in Roman times near the site of Gergovia, which Vercingetorix held against Julius Caesar in 52 B.C. and which was later destroyed. An episcopal see since the 3d cent., it was the site of several church councils, notably that of 1095, where Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade (see CrusadesCrusades
, series of wars undertaken by European Christians between the 11th and 14th cent. to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. First Crusade
Origins

In the 7th cent., Jerusalem was taken by the caliph Umar.
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). The city is picturesquely situated near the Puy de Dôme peak. It is built largely of the dark volcanic rock of the region. The Gothic Cathedral of Notre-Dame (13th–14th cent.) and the Romanesque Church of Notre-Dame du Port (12th cent.) are among the notable buildings. Blaise Pascal was born in Clermont-Ferrand. There is a university (founded 1854) in the city.

Clermont-Ferrand

 

a city in France in the valley of the Allier River, a tributary of the Loire. Administrative center of the Puy-de-Dôme department; population, 154,000 (1968).

Clermont-Ferrand is a transportation junction and the country’s chief center for the manufacturing of rubber goods (such as automobile tires, footwear, and industrial rubber); more than 20,000 people are employed there in the rubber industry. There are metalworking, machine-building, textile, printing, paper, chemical, and food industries in Clermont-Ferrand. The city has a university, founded in 1810, and an archaeological museum. It was the home of B. Pascal. Nearby is the resort of Royat.

Clermont-Ferrand

a city in S central France: capital of Puy-de-Dôme department; industrial centre. Pop.: 137 140 (1999)