Clerodendrum


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Clerodendrum

 

a genus of plants of the family Verbenaceae. Members may be semishrubs, shrubs, lianas, or small trees with opposite or verticillate leaves. The flowers are gathered into panicles or corymbs and sometimes have a brightly colored calyx. There are approximately 390 species, chiefly in the tropics of the eastern hemisphere. In some species (for example, C. fistulosum from Borneo) the hollow internodes of the stems are inhabited by ants. Many species of Clerodendrum are used in horticulture, often under the name Volkameria.

The liana C. thomsonae from West Africa, which has blossoms with a white calyx and a red corolla, and C. speciosissimum (C. fallax) which has purple flowers and is native to the Sunda Islands and the eastern Pacific, are often cultivated in greenhouses. The Sino-Japanese species C. fragrans, with pinkish-white fragrant blossoms, is a common house plant.

References in periodicals archive ?
Other tender plants such as cordylines, Pittosporum tobira and cestrum, callistemon and Clerodendrum bungei may need wrapping, by framing the plant with a wigwam of bamboo canes and then packing the base of the plant with straw and wrapping the cane frame with horticultural fleece.
community type (m) 1 Choerospondias axillaris 1690 2 Helicia Clivicola 1750 3 Lindera communis 1781 4 Clerodendrum bungei 1813 5 Neolitsea chuii 1876 6 Cunninghamia lanceolata 1899 7 Castanopsis carlesii 1938 8 Pinus yunnanensis 1960 9 Mallotus barbatus 1982 10 Alnus nepalensis 2016 Table 2.
The leaves of Justicia adhatoda were used to treat severe fever with mucus, while the bark of Clerodendrum viscosum Vent was used to treat kala azar.
Over the years, efforts have been made to study the nutritional qualities of the wild leafy vegetables such as Clerodendrum volubile (Beauv.
My favorites are milkweed and blue porterweeds, a few pentas, a couple of larger plants like plumbago and clerodendrum.
For example bougainvillea and clerodendrum splendens are heavy climbers, while quamoclit pinnata is a light climber.
There is a fascinating large shrub from Japan named glorybower or Clerodendrum trichotomum, valued for its bizarre late-season flowers, which consist of scented white blossoms that ripen to a purple fruit wrapped in brilliant red calyxes.
These include Clerodendrum indicum, with breathtaking clusters of dripping, linen-white flowers and long, brazen-red curled stamens.
Clerodendrum viscosum, Glycosmis pentaphylla, and Murraya koenigii are the prominent shrubs.
On a sunny wall grow climbers like the parrot's bill clianthus and clerodendrum, which produce red lanterns in late summer.
5, 226] Verbenaceae Clerodendrum trichotomum [175] Lantana camara L.
These genera, including Clerodendrum, Ficus, Erythrina and Terminalia, are also present in subtropical and tropical rainforest and are known to be used by both Indigenous Australians and by the indigenous peoples of Southeast Asia (Golson 1971).