Cleveland Orchestra


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Cleveland Orchestra,

one of the foremost orchestras in the United States. It gave its first performance in 1918 under Nikolai SokoloffSokoloff, Nicolai
, 1886–1965, American conductor and violinist, b. near Kiev, Russia. After studying at Yale and under Charles Martin Loeffler, he toured France and England as a violinist.
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, who was conductor until 1933. In 1931, the orchestra moved from the Cleveland Masonic Temple into the Georgian-style Severance Hall, located in Cleveland's University Circle area. (The hall was restored and renovated in 1999 and reopened in 2000.) Since 1968, the orchestra has also performed at the Blossom Music Center just S of the city. Sokoloff was succeeded as conductor by Artur Rodzinski (1933–43) and Erich LeinsdorfLeinsdorf, Erich
, 1912–93, American conductor, b. Vienna. Leinsdorf studied at the Vienna state academy of music and in 1934 began his conducting career, serving as assistant to Bruno Walter and then to Toscanini at the Salzburg festival.
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 (1943–46), and the orchestra achieved renown under the direction of George SzellSzell, George
, 1897–1970, American conductor and pianist, b. Budapest. He moved with his family to Vienna during his childhood and started his piano training at an early age studying at the State Academy of Music in Vienna and in Leipzig.
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 (1946–70). A perfectionist and disciplinarian, Szell brought the orchestra to international attention, leading it on several European tours and establishing its modern reputation for ascetic brilliance and commitment to serious music. He was succeeded by Lorin MaazelMaazel, Lorin Varencove,
1930–2014, American conductor, b. Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. A musical prodigy, he spent his childhood in Los Angeles, where he made his conducting debut at nine and his violin debut at fifteen.
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 (1972–84), Christoph von Dohnányi (1984–2002), and Franz Welser-Möst (2002–). The orchestra tours widely, has a biennial residency at the Musikverein in Vienna, and since 2007 has had a winter residence at the Carnival Center in Miami.
References in periodicals archive ?
Grams served as Assistant Conductor of The Cleveland Orchestra from 2004-2007 where he worked under the guidance of Franz Welser-M|st, and has since returned for several engagements.
A London Philharmonic Orchestra B New York State Orchestra C Hungarian National Orchestra D Cleveland Orchestra 13.
Even more impressive is the diversity of the production and artistic staff, including guest conductor Franz Welser Most who hails from Austria and is now music director of the Cleveland Orchestra but who conducted the Vienna Philharmonic with which he has had a long relationship.
He has conducted the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl, The New York Pops at Carnegie Hall and appears regularly with The Cleveland Orchestra at Blossom Music Center.
Nelson, currently a violist with the Cleveland Orchestra, will be performing Bartok's Viola Concerto.
Under Szell, Brusilow was associate concertmaster at the Cleveland Orchestra until Ormandy snatched him away to make him concertmaster in Philadelphia, where he remained from 1959 to 1966.
Then, each passage is magnificently performed by the 18-year veteran of the Cleveland Orchestra in the sublime acoustic of the New England Conservatory's Jordan Hall.
He is a past officer and long-time director of Recovery Resources, a past president and director of the Cleveland International Film Festival and has served on special committees of The Cleveland Orchestra and Greater Cleveland Growth Association.
He was music director of the Cleveland Orchestra from 1972 to 1982.
When he auditioned with the Cleveland Orchestra prior to being hired to fill the shoes of conducting legend George Szell, who had died in 1970, some 90 members of the orchestra did not vote for him, choosing instead to vote for another candidate.
He went on to engage with several arts organizations and has been on the board of directors for many organizations, including the Association of Performing Arts Presenters, the Community Partnership for Arts and Culture, The Cleveland Orchestra, Young Audiences of Greater Cleveland, the Cleveland Institute of Music, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Downtown Cleveland Partnership.

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