Clipperton Island

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Clipperton Island,

uninhabited atoll, c.2 sq mi (5.2 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, c.800 mi (1,290 km) SW of Mexico. It was used as a base by John Clipperton, an English pirate. The French claimed it in 1858, the Americans held it for a time in the Spanish-American War, and Mexican troops occupied it in 1897. The conflict between France and Mexico was referred to the king of Italy for arbitration in 1908. The award was made (1931) in favor of France, and Mexico surrendered the island in 1932. The island is administered from French Polynesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jon Bonfiglio says: "The team battled the hostility of Clipperton island and its surrounding reefs to conduct scientific studies and become uncomfortable witnesses of the environmental impact of our global human activities on one of the most remote locations on Earth.
We participated in a private French scientific expedition to Clipperton Island (Charpy 2009) where we studied the diet of Masked Boobies nesting there during 3-27 March 2005.
Birds with deformed wings exhibited three modal plumages and, because Masked Boobies breed synchronously at Clipperton Island (Weimerskirch et al.
Masked Boobies at Clipperton Island also experienced a bottleneck event, although perhaps not as extreme as in the case of Giant Canada Geese.
These results are consistent with the migration reports through tagging studies; evidence exists for the presence of two main yellowfin tuna groups in the eastern Pacific that mix to some extent (Fink and Bayliff, 1970) and that migrate longshore from around the 20[degrees]N to the mouth of the Gulf of California and to the zone between the Revillagigedo and the Clipperton islands, and back again (Joseph et al.
444), and the intermediate locality southeast, Clipperton Islands (0.
Previous reported range: Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to Hawaii, Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California to Malpelo Island, Colombia; Clarion and Clipperton Islands (Castro 1971; Wicksten and Hendrickx 1992; Hoover 1998).