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Clodius(Publius Clodius Pulcher) (klō`dēəs), d. 52 B.C., Roman politician. He belonged to the Claudian gens (see ClaudiusClaudius,
ancient Roman gens. Appius Claudius Sabinus Inregillenis or Regillensis was a Sabine; he came (c.504 B.C.) with his tribe to Rome.
..... Click the link for more information. ), and his name is also written as Publius Claudius Pulcher. He was brother to Appius Claudius Pulcher and to the notorious Clodia. In 62 B.C. he created a tremendous scandal when, disguised as a woman, he entered the house of Julius Caesar at the time of the women's mysteries of Bona Dea. CiceroCicero
(Marcus Tullius Cicero) or Tully,
106 B.C.–43 B.C., greatest Roman orator, famous also as a politician and a philosopher. Life
Cicero studied law and philosophy at Rome, Athens, and Rhodes.
..... Click the link for more information. prosecuted him for sacrilege, but Clodius, probably by heavy bribery, won an acquittal. The results were that Caesar divorced his wife PompeiaPompeia
, fl. 61 B.C., Roman matron, wife of Julius Caesar, daughter of Quintus Pompeius Rufus and granddaughter of Sulla. She married Caesar in 67 B.C. and was divorced in 61 B.C., because of an intrigue with Clodius while celebrating the mysteries of Bona Dea.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Cicero earned Clodius' unswerving hatred. In 58 B.C., Clodius was tribune of the people, put into office by the First Triumvirate (Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey) probably under the mistaken impression that he would be a tool. Instead, he proved himself a demagogue, seeking popularity in every way. He exiled Cicero on specious charges arising from the conspiracy of Catiline, and he sent Cato the Younger to Cyprus. Clodius spent much of his money in organizing gangs of bullies to intimidate the city. The tribune MiloMilo
(Titus Annius Papianus Milo), 95 B.C.–47 B.C., Roman partisan leader. As tribune of the people (57 B.C.) he obtained the recall from exile of Cicero. At the insistence of Pompey, Milo hired a gang to fight the gang of Clodius.
..... Click the link for more information. (initially supported by Pompey) organized a conservative gang, and Rome was plagued with bloody rioting until Clodius was killed by Milo's gang. His irresponsible actions had prepared the way for the civil war of Caesar and Pompey.