Syllable

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Related to Closed syllable: Open syllable

syllable

A syllable is a sequence of speech sounds (formed from vowels and consonants) organized into a single unit. Syllables act as the building blocks of a spoken word, determining the pace and rhythm of how the word is pronounced.
The three structural elements of a syllable are the nucleus, the onset, and the coda.
Syllables can be structured several ways, but they always contain a nucleus, which is (usually) formed from a vowel sound. The nucleus is the core of the syllable, indicating its individual “beat” within a word; the number of syllables in a word will be determined by the number of vowel sounds forming their nuclei.
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Syllable

 

the minimal articulated unit of speech, consisting of one or several sounds that form a compact phonetic entity and that occur during one chest pulse. Proponents of various theories concerning the syllable believe that a syllable is produced by one muscular contraction, by modulation (narrowing and widening) of the pharynx, or by the degree of sonority and the order in which sounds are uttered.

A syllable is composed of a beginning (onset), a peak (nucleus), and a final part (coda). A peak is formed by simple vowels (ma-ma), by sonorants in some languages (Czech prst, “finger”), and occasionally by obstruents (psst!). A syllable’s beginning and end are formed by one or more consonants; in some languages a syllable may consist only of a peak (o-ni, “they”). Syllables are closed when they end in a consonant and open when they end in a vowel. They are uncovered when they begin with a vowel and covered when they begin with a consonant. The commonest syllable structure, found in all languages of the world, is consonant followed by vowel.

Division into syllables often does not correspond to division into morphemes. In the word ruchka (“handle”), morphemes for example, there are two syllables (ru-chka) but three morphemes (ruch-k-a). In syllabic languages, such as Chinese, morphemes are generally monosyllabic and syllable and morpheme boundaries coincide. In such languages, the beginning of a syllable is contrasted to its end, which is limited to certain permissible sounds.

V. A. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Short vowels in Hindko can only be found in closed syllables while long vowels are permissible in both open and closed syllables.
It is in the closed syllables in NP we find some of the more conservatively pronounced vowels, whereas in most open syllables we can in fact witness the results of an earlier raising or tensing in both varieties (stage 1 in Table 13).
These generalizations indicate that for Dutch, the distinction between syllables with schwa, open syllables (ending in a tense vowel), closed syllables (ending in a lax vowel and one consonant), and super-heavy syllables (ending in a tense vowel and at least one consonant, a lax vowel and at least two consonants, or containing a diphthong) is relevant.
3) In stressed closed syllables, there are seven vowels that ate always long: /o/ mafaute [?
Examples illustrating the process we refer to below as Closed Syllable Shortening are provided in (18).
Why are you so sure there never was any Closed Syllable Lengthening?
If the final closed syllable contains <<bl>> and there are other vowels in the word, the stress is on the full vowel of the syllable preceding the syllable with <<bl>>.
The word difficile has all open syllables (CV/CV/CV/CV) in soutenu, but ends with a closed syllable (CV/CV/CVC) in speech.
If quantity sensitivity is active, the closed syllable should count as heavy, so a closed penult should block stress on the preceding syllable.
Since NOCODA occupies an important niche is the grammar of Zoque it is instructive to consider once again the words in (3) and (6) with a closed syllable.
Another possibility is to account for the lenition of closed syllable onsets by referring to foot isochrony (Viitso 2003 : 162; Eek, Meister 2004 : 345).
lowering of this still accented [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in closed syllables to [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], a development that is confirmed, and can be dated posterior to pausal lengthening, by Blau's (1981) brilliant recognition of additional input to it (i.