Cluj-Napoca

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Cluj-Napoca

(klo͞ozh-näpō), Hung. Kolozsvár, Ger. Klausenburg, city (1990 pop. 329,234), W central Romania, in Transylvania, on the Someşul River. The historic capital of Transylvania and the second largest city in Romania, it is the administrative center of an agricultural and mineral-rich area. Its diverse manufactures include a variety of consumer goods. The city is also a noted educational center with two universities, a branch of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, a fine arts institute, a polytechnic institute, and several scientific research centers. Cluj was founded by German colonists in the 12th cent. and became a thriving commercial and cultural center in the Middle Ages. It was made a free city in 1405 by the king of Hungary. Stephen Bathory founded (1581) a Jesuit academy there, and the city became (16th cent.) the chief cultural and religious center of Transylvania. It was incorporated into Austria-Hungary in 1867 and was transferred to Romania in 1920. Hungarian forces occupied the city during World War II. In the mid-1970s, Cluj was joined with neighboring Napoca. Landmarks include the 14th-century Gothic Church of St. Michael, the house where King Matthias I of Hungary was born (1440), and the ruins of an 11th-century church. Cluj-Napoca is also noted for its botanical gardens. About half the population is Hungarian.
References in periodicals archive ?
CLUJ NAPOCA Estimated value excluding VAT: 15,849,286.
Contractor address : str Paris nr78 , Localitatea Cluj Napoca , Cod postal 400125 , Romania ,
Contractor name : UNIVERSITATEA TEHNICA DIN CLUJ NAPOCA
Contractor address : Str Lalelelor, nr 11, et Supanta , Spatiul comercial nr 2, Ap 46, Mun Cluj Napoca , Localitatea Cluj-Napoca , Cod postal 3400 , Romania ,
Lot 1: Redecorating the SCB installations across Section CT1 Cluj - installations CED in stations: Apahida, Jucu, Cluj-Napoca, Huedin, Stone Mountains, Bulz Bratca Vadu Cris and installations BLA on distances: Razboieni-Calarasi Turda, Boju -Tunel, Cluj Napoca East Cluj Napoca, Cluj Napoca, Baciu yard, Stana-Huedin, Stone Mountains-Bulz Bulz-Bratca
106, Cluj Napoca , Localitatea: Cluj-Napoca , Cod postal: 400094 , Romania , Punct(e) de contact: Serv Lucrari si Achizitii publice , Tel.