Cluj-Napoca


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Cluj-Napoca

(klo͞ozh-näpō), Hung. Kolozsvár, Ger. Klausenburg, city (1990 pop. 329,234), W central Romania, in Transylvania, on the Someşul River. The historic capital of Transylvania and the second largest city in Romania, it is the administrative center of an agricultural and mineral-rich area. Its diverse manufactures include a variety of consumer goods. The city is also a noted educational center with two universities, a branch of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, a fine arts institute, a polytechnic institute, and several scientific research centers. Cluj was founded by German colonists in the 12th cent. and became a thriving commercial and cultural center in the Middle Ages. It was made a free city in 1405 by the king of Hungary. Stephen Bathory founded (1581) a Jesuit academy there, and the city became (16th cent.) the chief cultural and religious center of Transylvania. It was incorporated into Austria-Hungary in 1867 and was transferred to Romania in 1920. Hungarian forces occupied the city during World War II. In the mid-1970s, Cluj was joined with neighboring Napoca. Landmarks include the 14th-century Gothic Church of St. Michael, the house where King Matthias I of Hungary was born (1440), and the ruins of an 11th-century church. Cluj-Napoca is also noted for its botanical gardens. About half the population is Hungarian.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tudor Constantinescu, chief commercial officer at Blue Air, said: "We are extremely pleased to announce our second route to Birmingham starting in December this year, as we expand the network from our newest base at Cluj-Napoca.
54) Founder of the Institute of Turcology and Central Asian Studies within the "Babes-Bolyai" University of Cluj-Napoca, Professor Calin Felezeu, Ph.
To identify the potentially risky areas, different locations inside of Cluj-Napoca City were selected in areas with different functions.
BUCHAREST, Romania -- Genpact Limited (NYSE: G), a leader in managing business processes, today announced it would expand its presence in Romania by acquiring a new facility in the Transylvanian city of Cluj-Napoca.
Genpact Europe CEO Patrick Cogny, who is based in Bucharest, noted, "We wanted to diversify our presence in the country, and Cluj-Napoca seemed like a natural choice, given its population, infrastructure and academic institutions.
His professional experience ranges from design engineer and system analyst in process control design to researcher in fuel cells, process modeling, optimization and control, and also professor of process control at the Department of Chemical Engineering of Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca.
s) framework agreements on the basis of which subsequent contracts for the supply of products - tools - are assigned to the military units in the area of responsibility of um 02032 cluj-napoca.
Implementing agency : Universitatea De Medicina Si Farmacie Iuliu Hatieganu Cluj-Napoca
Results of design contests: / entity: Elaboration of an integrated development plan for the somes river banks during the "rethinking somes" cluj-napoca.
Implementing agency : Compania De Transport Public Cluj-Napoca Sa