Cluny

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Cluny

(klo͞o`nē, Fr. klünē`), former abbey, E France, in the present Saône-et-Loire dept., founded (910) by St. Berno, a Burgundian monk and reformer. Cluny was one of the chief religious and cultural centers of Europe. The third abbey church built on the site, Cluny III (11th cent.), was designed in the mature Romanesque style. As reconstructed by Kenneth J. Conant, Cluny III was a five-aisle basilica with double transepts and five radiating chapels around the apse. Towers marked the major and minor crossings of the nave, the major transept arms, and the western facade. When completed in the 12th cent., Cluny III was the largest church in the world. The abbey was mostly destroyed during the French Revolution.

Cluny

 

a city in Burgundy, the department of Saône-et-Loire, France. It is situated in the picturesque valley of the Grosne River (a tributary of the Saône), west of Mâcon. Population, 44,000 (1962). It is the site of wood-products industries, primarily furniture manufacturing. The city is known for its Benedictine monastery (abbey) with Romanesque churches. These structures, which had a significant influence on the development of Romanesque architecture in Europe, include the Cluny II church (955–81) and the adjacent grandiose Cluny III church (from 1088 to the 12th century). The Cluny III church was a five-naved basilica with two transepts, a ring of chapels, and several towers. Both churches were destroyed in the 19th century. All that remains is the southern arm of the main transept (with an attached tower) of the Cluny III church. Still extant in Cluny are the Gothic churches of St. Marcel (begun in 1159) and Nôtre-Dame (13th century), the town hall (early 16th century), a hospital (17th century), and Romanesque and Gothic residential buildings.

REFERENCE

Virey, J. L’Abbaye de Cluny, 4th ed. Paris, 1957.

Cluny

a town in E central France: reformed Benedictine order founded here in 910; important religious and cultural centre in the Middle Ages. Pop.: 4376 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
The report revealed a catalogue of errors and missed opportunities in the care of Clunis, who like Dixon, suffered from schizophrenia.
Like Jonathan Zito, a 27-year-old musician who was waiting for the tube when a schizophrenic called Christopher Clunis pushed him in front of a train.
Jonathan Zito was stabbed through the eye by Christopher Clunis at Finsbury Park station, London, in 1992, when he was freed under the Care in the Community scheme.
Between the mystification And the deception Between the multiplication And the division Falls the Tower of London Many Nouns in is we find To the Masculine assigned Amnis, axis, caulis, collis, Clunis, crinis, fascis, follis.
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There was an outcry in 1992 when violent Christopher Clunis was released from hospital and stabbed London musician Jonathan Zito.
To schedule interviews with an editor from AARP Bulletin or to receive a complimentary issue, please contact Carla Clunis at 646-633-4971 or carla.
PARTY TIME: At the launch event are Clr Christine Iredale, the Rev Rose Hudson-Wilkin and Andrew Clunis, community relations officer for the Jamaica High Commission UK (S)
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The likes of "mentally unstable" Michael Stone, convicted of the murders of Lin and Megan Russell, and paranoid schizophrenics Christopher Clunis, who killed Jonathan Zito in 1992, and Paul Khan, who killed pensioner Brian Dodd in 2003 in Prestatyn, are the prevailing public faces of mental illness.
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Debutants Ally Bressington and Iyran Clunis both showed promise and the line-out problems of last week seemed to have been resolved.