Clupeidae


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Related to Clupeidae: Engraulidae

Clupeidae

[klü′pē·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The herrings, a family of fishes in the suborder Clupoidea composing the most primitive group of higher bony fishes.

Clupeidae

 

(herring), a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The body length is usually 35–45 cm, although a few species do reach a length of 75 cm.

There are about 50 genera, distributed from temperate latitudes to the tropics. The majority live in the sea; there are a few migratory and freshwater forms. Reproduction occurs not far from shore; the roe are pelagic or, in some genera (for example, Clupea), benthic. The fishes feed on plankton or, sometimes, on small fishes. They live in schools, and many migrate long distances. Of the greatest economic value are sardines, Clupeonella, sprats, marine species of the genus Clupea, and migratory and marine species of the genus Alosa. Clupea are found in the boreal region of the Atlantic Ocean; in the North, Norwegian, Barents, and White seas; along the shores of Siberia; and in the Pacific Ocean as far south as southern Primor’e and California. The Alosa are present in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the basin of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Herring are of very great importance in commercial fishing. The world catch reaches 5 million tons a year. The fishes are used in salted, smoked, and canned form.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’ zhivotnik, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.

IU. IU. MARTI

References in periodicals archive ?
The families Scombridae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, Coryphaenidae, which include tuna, sardine, mackerel and abalone, are the most implicated in this food poisoning because of their high content of amino acid histidine which is considered the precursor of the histamine.
There are also Clupeidae in more tropical regions although their biomass is much less than those of temperate and cold-temperate waters, which produce about 80% of all the catch of clupeids.
Merluccidae Merluccius gayi MER Clupeidae Sardinops sagax SAR Triglidae P.
Even fewer are studies referring to food habits; there are only brief reports where it is established that it is a carnivorous species of the pelagic zone that consumes fish species of the families Engraulidae and Clupeidae (Artunduaga 1972; Perez-Ramos 1994; Montemayor-Lopez and Cisneros-Mata 2000).
The Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes, is divided into five subfamilies.
1984) Fishing Area Family Atlantic Ocean Hemiramphidae Hemiramphidae Belonidae Excoetidae Balistidae Carangidae Clupeidae Hemiramphidae Kyphosidae Labridae Florida Bay Hemiramphidae Hemiramphidae Belonidae Clupeidae Sparidae Belonidae Hemiramphidae Carangidae Gerreidae Haemulidae Ostraciidae Sphyraenidae Tetradontidae Fishing area Common name Atlantic Ocean Ballyhoo Balao Needlefishes Flyingfishes Leatherjackets Jacks Herrings Smallwing flyingfish Sea chubs Wrasses Florida Bay Ballyhoo Silverstripe halfbreak Herrings Porgies Needlefishes Hardhead halfbreak Jacks Mojarras Grunts Boxfishes Barracudas Puffers Fishing area Frequency n Percentage Atlantic Ocean 185 15,280 70.
Indian oil sardine (Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes, 1847) belongs to the family Clupeidae and local names are Tarli, Luar in Sindhi and Lugger, Luar in Baluchi language (Bianchi, 1985).
Es poco probable que las especies endemicas sean recurrentes en este ecosistema, debido a que los fondos lodosos y arenosos tienen menos elementos endemicos en comparacion con los fondos rocosos, observandose que las familias restringidas a estos habitats son: Scianidae, Rhinobatidae, Urolophidae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, Achiridae, Mugilidae, Gerreidae y Centropomidae (Castro-Aguirre et al.
Eelgrass Species name Common name residency Myliobatididae Myliobatis californica Bat Ray O Clupeidae Sardilrops sagax Pacific Sardine O Salmonidae Oncorliynclms mykiss Steelhead O Osmeridae Hyponresus pretiosus Surf Smelt T Osmeridae spp.