Clupeidae


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Related to Clupeidae: Engraulidae

Clupeidae

[klü′pē·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The herrings, a family of fishes in the suborder Clupoidea composing the most primitive group of higher bony fishes.

Clupeidae

 

(herring), a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The body length is usually 35–45 cm, although a few species do reach a length of 75 cm.

There are about 50 genera, distributed from temperate latitudes to the tropics. The majority live in the sea; there are a few migratory and freshwater forms. Reproduction occurs not far from shore; the roe are pelagic or, in some genera (for example, Clupea), benthic. The fishes feed on plankton or, sometimes, on small fishes. They live in schools, and many migrate long distances. Of the greatest economic value are sardines, Clupeonella, sprats, marine species of the genus Clupea, and migratory and marine species of the genus Alosa. Clupea are found in the boreal region of the Atlantic Ocean; in the North, Norwegian, Barents, and White seas; along the shores of Siberia; and in the Pacific Ocean as far south as southern Primor’e and California. The Alosa are present in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the basin of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Herring are of very great importance in commercial fishing. The world catch reaches 5 million tons a year. The fishes are used in salted, smoked, and canned form.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’ zhivotnik, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.

IU. IU. MARTI

References in periodicals archive ?
Only 1 out of the 20 stomachs examined contained halfbeaks and none in the Clupeidae family were identified.
Scales, otoliths, vertebrae, opercula, and subopercula were used to age pontic shad (Alosa pontica) in two recent studies that included the family Clupeidae [Yilmaz and Polat, 2002; Visnjic-Jeftic et ah, 2009]), yet no such comprehensive study has been completed for the American shad.
The FAO presents landings for anchoveta, Engraulidae, and herring, Clupeidae, which correspond to national and independent landings data for these species.
In great contrast to the anchovies, the larger silver bodied sardines, herrings, shad and menhaden have relatively small mouths for their size and belong to an entirely different family of fish, the herring family, Clupeidae.
Even fewer are studies referring to food habits; there are only brief reports where it is established that it is a carnivorous species of the pelagic zone that consumes fish species of the families Engraulidae and Clupeidae (Artunduaga 1972; Perez-Ramos 1994; Montemayor-Lopez and Cisneros-Mata 2000).
Osteichthyes Clupeidae Ganolytes cameo Jordan in Jordan and Gilbert, 1919 Ganolytes sp.
Identification level Taxa Total (lowest) Family level Bongo ISIIS Bongo ISIIS Clupeidae 1 3 2 3 Breuoortia tyrannus 1 0 Gadidae 3 13 3 13 Merlucciidae 0 0 48 44 Merluccius bilinearis 48 44 Phycidae 0 83 48 104 Urophycis spp.
The Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes, is divided into five subfamilies.
Prey family or group Prey species Gadidae Unidentified gadid species Walleye Pollock Clupeidae Herring (2) American Shad (Aloca sapidissima) Salmonidae Juvenile Chinook Salmon Juvenile salmon species Adult Chinook Salmon Adult salmon species Cottidae Pacific Staghorn Sculpin Ammodytidae Pacific Sand Lance (3) Embiotocidae Shiner Perch Rajidae Skate species Scorpaenidae Juvenile rockfish species Adult rockfish species Biomass reconstruction estimates for prey of breeding seals No.
1980 Seriphus politus DeMartini and (queenfish, Fountain, 1981 Sciaenidae) Solea solea (sole, Witthames2 Soleidae) Trachurus Wine and Knaggs3 symmetricus (jack mackerel, Carangidae) No change noted Clupea harengus Lambert, 1987 overall, but larger (Atlantic herring, fish develop eggs Clupeidae and/or spawn earlier Clupea pallasi Ware and Tanasichuk, (Pacific herring, 1989 Clupeidae) Cynoscion regalis Lowerre-Barbieri et (weakfish, al.