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Clyde,principal river of SW Scotland, 106 mi (171 km) long, rising in the Southern Uplands and flowing generally NW through Glasgow to the Firth of Clyde. It drains c.1,480 sq mi (3,830 sq km). The lower Clyde, traversing the heart of Clydeside (Scotland's population, industrial, and shipbuilding center), is the main route of commercial water traffic in Scotland. The river has been deepened and widened and is navigable for oceangoing vessels to Glasgow. It is connected with the Firth of Forth by the Forth and Clyde Canal. Clydeport, which includes the docks at Glasgow, Clydebank, and Greenock, is an important general cargo, ore, oil, and container port. Erskine Bridge (1,000 ft/305 m long; opened 1970) connects Clydebank and Renfrew. A 10-lane bridge (opened 1970) crosses the Clyde at Glasgow. The middle course of the river flows through Clydesdale, a noted farming and orchard region and home of the famous Clydesdale horses. Bonnington and Stonebyres are hydroelectric power stations at the Falls of the Clyde near Lanark. The Firth of Clyde, c.50 mi (80 km) long and 2 to 25 mi (3.2–40 km) wide, an arm of the North Channel, extends SW from Dunoon to Ailsa Craig. It is rimmed by yacht basins, summer resorts, and small ports. ButeBute, John Stuart, 3d earl of
, 1713–92, British politician. He was prominent as a friend of Frederick Louis, prince of Wales, as early as 1747 and became the tutor of Frederick's impressionable son, the future
..... Click the link for more information. , ArranArran
, island (1981 pop. 4,725), 165 sq mi (427 sq km), North Ayshire, W Scotland, in the Firth of Clyde. It is largely granitic and is wild and rocky; it rises to 2,866 ft (874 m). Its scenery and its hunting and fishing have made it a resort. Brodick is the chief town.
..... Click the link for more information. , and the Cumbraes are the chief islands.
a river in Great Britain, in southern Scotland. Length, 170 km (208 km with the estuary); basin area, 4,100 sq km. It originates on the northern slopes of the southern Scotch upland, flowing in its upper course through low mountains and then across a hilly plain, forming rapids above the city of Lanark. The Clyde flows into the Firth of Clyde. The average yearly water discharge at the mouth is approximately 70 cu m per sec. In fall and winter the water level is high. The city of Glasgow, on the Clyde River, is accessible to oceangoing vessels; higher (to the rapids) there is river navigation. A hydroelectric power plant is on the rapids. The Clyde is joined by canals with the North Sea.