Clydesdale(redirected from Clydesdales)
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a breed of draft horses, developed in the early 19th century in Scotland, in the valley of the Clyde River, by crossbreeding Scotch draft mares with Cleveland Bay, Flemish and Shire stallions. In the 19th century, Clydesdale horses were imported into Russia and bred in the Pochinok, Derkul, and Khrenovoe horse-breeding farms and in the Gavrilov Posad (formerly Vladimir) government stable. The Clydesdale stallions that were brought to Russia had an average height at the withers of 162 cm, a girth measurement of 194 cm, a bone measurement of 25.5 cm, and a liveweight of 900–1100 kg; the predominant colors were bay and brown. In the USSR, the Clydesdale horse was used for improving the domestic harness horses of Vladimir, Ivanovo, Ul’ianovsk, and Tambov oblasts and for developing a domestic breed of horse, the Vladimir draft horse. The Clydesdale is bred in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Italy, South America, and Australia.