Canute

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Canute

(kəno͞ot`, kənyo͞ot`), 995?–1035, king of England, Norway, and Denmark. The younger son of Sweyn of Denmark, Canute accompanied his father on the expedition of 1013 that invaded England and forced ÆthelredÆthelred,
965?–1016, king of England (978–1016), called Æthelred the Unready [Old Eng. unrœd=without counsel]. He was the son of Edgar and the half-brother of Edward the Martyr, whom he succeeded.
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 to flee to Normandy. When Sweyn died (1014), the Danes in England swore fealty to Canute, but on Æthelred's return from Normandy, Canute withdrew to Denmark, where his older brother, Harold, had become king. In 1015, Canute reinvaded England with a powerful army that conquered most of Wessex, harried the Danelaw, and conquered Northumbria. After the Danish victory in the battle of AssandunAssandun, battle of
, a victory by the Danes under Canute over the English led by Edmund Ironside. The battle was fought Oct. 18, 1016, at what is now Ashingdon, in SE Essex.
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, Canute divided England with Edmund IronsideEdmund Ironside,
d. 1016, king of the English (1016), son of Æthelred the Unready. Contrary to the wishes of his father, he married (1015) the widow of Siferth, a Danish thane, and was accepted as ruler of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw.
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, Æthelred's son. When Edmund died, late in 1016, Canute was accepted as sole king. He gave England peace and strove to continue English traditions by restoring the church to high place and codifying English law. To forestall dynastic quarrels he banished his wife (and their son Sweyn) and married Emma, the widow of Æthelred. His son by Emma was Harthacanute. In 1018 or 1019 he succeeded to the throne of Denmark and was forced to lead several expeditions to assert his rights there and in the Danish provinces in Norway. In 1028, after an uprising had expelled Olaf II of Norway, Canute was recognized as ruler of that kingdom. He made his son Harthacanute king of Denmark, and in 1029 he made his son Sweyn king of Norway, with Sweyn's mother as regent. She and Sweyn were driven out by 1035, and Norway was ruled by Olaf's son Magnus. Canute established friendly relations with the Holy Roman Empire and attended the coronation of Conrad II in Rome in 1027. At the end of his reign Canute led an army into Scotland to stop Scottish invasions under Malcolm II. Canute was succeeded by his illegitimate son, Harold Harefoot, then by Harthacanute. The name also appears as Cnut or Knut.

Bibliography

See biography by L. M. Larson (1912, repr. 1970); F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).

Canute

(995–1035) Norseman; subjugator of England. [Br. Hist.: Bishop, 42]

Canute

king of England demonstrated the limits of his power by commanding waves to stand still in vain. [Eng. Legend: Benét, 165]

Canute

, Cnut, Knut
died 1035, Danish king of England (1016--35), Denmark (1018--35), and Norway (1028--35). He defeated Edmund II of England (1016), but divided the kingdom with him until Edmund's death. An able ruler, he invaded Scotland (1027) and drove Olaf II from Norway (1028)
References in periodicals archive ?
See also Patrick Wormald, "Lex Scripta and Verbum Regis: Legislation and Germanic Kingship, from Euric to Cnut," in Legal Culture in the Early Medieval West: Law as Text, Image and Experience, ed.
52) This might make sense if such manuscripts had been sent to Leon, perhaps given to Alfonso V by King Cnut of England or Duke William of Aquitaine.
11) As in other works of an apparently similar kind, in Salas' chronological account, different amount of space is devoted to Ethelbert of Kent, Egbert, Edmund of East Anglia, Alfred, Edward, Aethelstan, Edward (his son), Edred, Edward Martyr, Svein, Cnut, Godwin, Harold and William.
Mayall, who plays the most intelligent man in the world Professor Adonis Cnut, recently hit the headlines for dressing up as Adolf Hitler in an anti-Euro advertisement.
Mayall, who plays the most intelligent man in the world, Professor Adonis Cnut, recently hit the headlines for dressing up as Adolf Hitler in an anti-euro advertisement.
He then has chapters on reforming leaders such as Aelfric and Wulfstan, the church from Cnut to Edward the Confessor, the effects of the Conquest, the Church as seen through the information in Domesday Book, the Church under the heirs of William I, the reign of Stephen and, finally, an intriguing chapter on 'doctrine, relief and ritual'.
For one thing, he regressed, in time-honored English fashion, producing his rude anti-classic, Me as King Cnut, a performance video, in which the artist-as-king-as-jester,a fat spliff stuck in his mouth, gesticulates and splutters in a bathtub full of water: This viewer was reminded of the 1966 film Morgan
She also studies the law codes of Aethelbert, Alfred and Cnut and the Penitential of Theodore, largely with respect to how marriage legislation affected women, and finally analyzes the portrayal of women in Anglo-Saxon literature.
It is also apparent that the ruler of Northumbria was called earl as early as Edgar's reign--thus ruining the arguments, rightly rejected in this book, of those who wish to suppose the poem no earlier than the reign of Cnut.
One of the book's strengths is that Fleming clarifies the Norman process of dividing up England not simply in its own terms, but by contrasting events under William the Conqueror to those under King Cnut earlier in the eleventh century.