Co-Optation


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Co-Optation

 

the bringing of new members into an elected collegial body through that body’s decision, without holding additional elections. As a rule the co-optation is subsequently confirmed at a general meeting of the organization as a whole.

References in periodicals archive ?
The breadth and depth of this space, and the plausibility of the state's implementing policies for taking into account the grass-roots feedback that it solicits, make acceding to co-optation, at the individual or group level, appealing.
Before we proceed to describe how the co-optation of the "Black lives matter" frame by critics of this movement is consistent with benevolent racism, it is important to further clarify what precisely is meant by benevolent racism and how this concept differs from other post-civil rights forms of racism.
Co-optation through dialogue occurred when the National Dialogue table brought together yet again politicians without reaching any agreement.
It is with this goal in mind that this article seeks to advance a theoretical contrast between "independent" charities and "co-opted" charities, and to identify certain legal and institutional mechanisms that may either encourage or limit the co-optation of charitable resources by governments in England and Canada.
Co-optation of tribal leaders by the ruling elite-cum-government, growing business interests of sheikhs and the struggle of tribal law to resolve broader collective action problems and to accommodate 21st century notions of human rights have caused it to vary significantly in strength and relevance across Yemen today.
A prominent one is postcolonial theory's co-optation by the capitalist model of globalization.
They've formed no political party, instead vehemently fending off all attempts at politically co-optation.
Freelancing is not for everyone; living frugally limits but does not exclude the risks of co-optation.
She is courageous in her refusal to bow tonownership" of the Holocaust as claimed by Elie Wiesel and some of his cohort of survivors and is downright contemptuous of the Second Generation's co-optation of ownership, that is, "they identify so strongly with the sufferings of their parents as to assert themselves as witnesses to the Holocaust.
De Boeck has just obtained co-optation at the Board of Directors of the holding and its French subsidiary, Dexia Credit Local.
But co-optation might not even be necessary: only 28 percent of respondents favored multiparty competition, and only 13 percent opposed the current one-party dictatorship.
4) Inconsistencies in implementation are often attributed to international inefficiency and a lack of coordination, or to the weak capacity of local civil society, while resistance is often bracketed off as subversion, co-optation, or spoiler behavior on the part of local actors.